[CCWG-ACCT] Concept of some form of "independent" member

Gregory, Holly holly.gregory at sidley.com
Fri Jul 17 11:42:24 UTC 2015

A natural person (human, often of age of majority) is a subset of legal person.  A natural person is always a legal person, a legal person is not always a natural person.

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From: accountability-cross-community-bounces at icann.org on behalf of Nigel Roberts
Sent: Friday, July 17, 2015 06:28:07 AM
To: accountability-cross-community at icann.org
Subject: Re: [CCWG-ACCT] Concept of some form of "independent" member

Whilst I hesitate to use Wikiepedia as authority, it says

"Natural person
 From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

This article may be expanded with text translated from the corresponding
article in German. (October 2014) Click [show] for important translation
instructions. [show]

In jurisprudence, a natural person is a real human being, as opposed to
a legal person, which may be a private (i.e., business entity or
non-governmental organization) or public (i.e., government) organization.

In many cases, fundamental human rights are implicitly granted only to
natural persons. For example, the Nineteenth Amendment to the United
States Constitution, which states a person cannot be denied the right to
vote based on gender, or Section Fifteen of the Canadian Charter of
Rights and Freedoms, which guarantees equality rights, apply to natural
persons only. Another example of the distinction between natural and
legal persons is that a natural person can hold public office, but a
corporation cannot.

A corporation or non-governmental organization can, however, file a
lawsuit or own property as a legal person.


PS: Incidentally, if your use of the term is correct in your
jurisdiction, then what does the adding the word "legal" add to
understanding? Surely the correct term is simply "person".

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