[cc-humanrights] ICANN visualization 2nd draft

Seth Johnson seth.p.johnson at gmail.com
Thu May 26 20:20:36 UTC 2016

You should be careful from the outset when you use language about
ICANN to define the parameters of the project.

The title of what we're doing can and should be stated the way you
have, but what we're doing entails understanding what happens to human
rights (of all kinds, not just treaty-based ones) in the transition.
Though the FOI must be scoped to ICANN and the By-laws, the matter
involves a broader view, considering the issue with reference to the
surrounding context and where we are ending up in the transition.

Even if ICANN has very appropriately declared it has no governmental
authority and doesn't enforce human rights, our task includes making
clear what happens when we move away from *that* one government as the
"host," to "all the governments" (understanding that *extremely*

It's important to remember that the nature of the issue of human
rights isn't necessarily structurally wedded to ICANN structures, so
we can't accidentally let it be treated that way.  Addressing the
issue of human rights should mean addressing how we understand human
rights to be referenced with respect to *what the transition means*
for human rights.  This can be done very well by commenting on the
nature of "standard of review" and how the transition to a "more
international" legal basis for rights affects that.

That would be my comment on the document(s?) we've seen so far.  In
the "streamlined approach" one, I would say add a point observing that
peoples in individual countries (or federal unions, as we just saw
with the Safe Harbor Agreement in the EU) have very strong rights that
have to be recognized.

(As we start out, I think we can and should set aside the tangentially
related matter some have raised elsewhere, of CA as the legal locus
for ICANN's incorporation.  That's only one notion of the issue of
jurisdiction, and for that matter isn't particularly relevant to human
rights, certainly given that I presume we all see the human rights
issue the way I just described it -- working more from understanding
how things work as we move to the "all the governments" international
context.  It can be considered in the jurisdiction discussion, and is
vaguely relevant to rights in another sense -- ICANN as a "person" and
its member[s] holding rights that relate to a US state in the "US
federal republic of republics.")


On Thu, May 26, 2016 at 10:40 AM, Niels ten Oever <niels at article19.org> wrote:
> Hi all,
> Thank you very much for your great comments. This is going to be quite a
> long email, so brace yourself ;)
> 1.
> This is indeed too broad. This should be:
> 'Scoping the relation between ICANN and Human Rights'
> 2. Glossary
> Let's try the glossary at the bottom and HR principles on top.
> 3.
> We should have a disclaimer text on top or at the bottom indicating that
> 'this is a preliminary scoping, pending a full Human Rights Impact
> Assessment'
> 4.
> I would not drag in the European Court of Human Rights, I am afraid this
> will make matter only more complicated. But let me know what you all think.
> 5.
> I am hesitant to use the work 'ecosystem', because it goes back to the
> thinking of Buckminster Fuller which implies that the system is
> 'natural' and therefore 'evident' and 'inescapable'. Therefore I am a
> bit hesistant of using these terms. (This all gets much better discussed
> in the beautiful BBC documentary by Adam Curtis: 'all watched over by
> machines of loving grace')
> 6.
> I have made an initial idea for the rights dendogram (and principles),
> let me know what you think, or Giulia could have a first go at it:
> **On top**
> Human Rights principles:
> * Inherent - human rights derive from the humanity of each person.
> * Universal -  all human beings have the same human rights.
> * Inalienable - human rights cannot be given up.
> * Indivisible -  there are no conflicts between rights and no priorities
> among rights.  There will be situations or occasions where rights must
> be balanced and prudent decisions taken about how all rights can best be
> protected and promoted
> * Interdependent and Interrelated -  the enjoyment and fulfilment of any
> right depends on the enjoyment and fulfilment of other rights.
> * Equality and Non-discrimination: All individuals are equal as human
> beings and by virtue of the inherent dignity of each human person
> * Participation and Inclusion: All people have the right to participate
> in and access information relating to the decision-making processes that
> affect their lives and well-being.
> * Accountability and Rule of Law: States and other duty-bearers are
> answerable for the observance of human rights. In this regard, they have
> to comply with the legal norms and standards enshrined in international
> human rights instruments.
> **Dendogram 2**
> First Generation:
> - Universal Declaration of Human Rights
> Second Generation:
> - International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) 1966
> - International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
> (ICESCR) 1966
> - International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial
> Discrimination (ICERD) 1965
> - Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against
> Women (CEDAW) 1979
> - Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (CRPD) 2006
> Guidelines:
> UN Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (2011)
> UN Global Compact (2000)
> 7. There should be no space between WHO and IS (so WHOIS)
> 8. After DNSSEC we should perhaps also add: Implementation of DANE
> 9. Gender / Race / Diversity issues probably could be renamed as:
> Participation, Inclusion, Equality and Non-Discrimination
> and we can add to the final column:
>  - participation by people with a disability in ICANN process (including
> meetings)
>  - anti-harassment policy
> 10. I think all DIDP, DCND and IDNs should not be named as accronyms,
> but rather fully written down.
> 11. Addition to the glossary:
>  DNSSEC =  Domain Name System Security Extensions
>  IGO = Intergovernmental Organization
>  INGO = International Non-Governmental Organziation
>  RPM = Rights Protection Mechanism (as related to Intellectual Property
> Rights)
> I think IP adress can be remove
> 12. Inline repsonses to Avri's great e-mail (thanks!):
> On 05/22/2016 04:01 PM, avri doria wrote:
>> Hi,
>> I like the mindmap way of looking at this.  Also allows for each of the
>> end nodes to go into more detail without needing to show that detail all
>> the time.  Is the mindmap file available and is further work planned on
>> it?  Is it in one of those environments that allows for cooperative
>> online work?
> Unfortunately not, it is made by a designer, but it would be great if a
> volunteer wants to reproduce this as (online) mindmap.
>> Or is this only an Article 19 proposal as the file name
>> indicates.
> Nope, this work was initially started by Marilia, then first images were
> produced by APC, finally I took over the baton because others were
> focused on other work. Once this is approved by the CCWP it is, as
> everything here, a product of the CCWP HR.
>> Some points on the content of the chart.
>> - On new gTLD you may want to add something about gTLD and developing
>> economies under economic, social (and what happened to cultural) rights.
>> I.e. new gTLD program comes under this category as well.
> Indeed, we should add cultural so it reads:
> 'Economic, social and cultural rights', but gTLDs are mentioned under
> freedom of association, right? It also say 'community based TLDs'. You
> think we should elaborate.
>> - under FoA and new gTLDs, you may want to consider two branches, one
>> dealing with the existing program, in which case the AGB of 2012, as an
>> implementation of the policy of 2007, is an issue.  For new gTLD, the
>> AGB, as an implementation is not the starting point, but the
>> reevaluation of the GNSO Policy of 2007 and its implementation will be
>> the issue. This is similar to what was done for FoE.
> I am having a hard time understanding how the Applicant Guidebook (AGB)
> implementation and revisioning is done. Could someone with more
> understanding of this suggest a vizualization (wording of branches)?
>> - under FoA, is the structure of ICANN internal working structure for
>> the community at all an additional consideration?
> Sure, how shall we word it?
>> - under gender and diversity, is the ombudsman the only consideration?
>> What about the new policies such as the one that is being proposed in
>> https://www.icann.org/public-comments/expected-standards-revisions-2016-05-16-en
> Adressed above and added a few.
> So I hope this helps, with this I'll ask Giulia to make a new version,
> but keep your comments and text suggestions coming!
> Best,
> Niels
>> avri
>> On 21-May-16 06:07, Niels ten Oever wrote:
>>> Dear colleagues,
>>> Attached a second draft visualization made by the designer, as always,
>>> looking forward to your comments!
>>> What text is missing? What more would you like to be in here?
>>> I was thinking (maybe too much, maybe not), we could maybe also do a
>>> dendogram based on rights. With the UDHR at the bottom, the ICCPR and
>>> the ICESCR coming from that and then all the smaller treaties following
>>> that, and finally of course the Ruggie Principles and the Global
>>> compact. This might build on the work done by Tatiana and Aarti on
>>> relevant frameworks? It defintely needs some research and lawyer touch :)
>>> Curious to hear what you all think!
>>> Best,
>>> Niels
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