[ccwg-internet-governance] WORLD INTERNET CONFERENCE - WUZHEN SUMMIT; DECEMBER 16-18TH; 2016
nigel.hickson at icann.org
Tue Jan 5 10:56:47 UTC 2016
Apologies I attached the wrong note; please disregard; will post right one!
From: <ccwg-internet-governance-bounces at icann.org<mailto:ccwg-internet-governance-bounces at icann.org>> on behalf of Nigel Hickson <nigel.hickson at icann.org<mailto:nigel.hickson at icann.org>>
Date: Tuesday 5 January 2016 10:59
To: ccwg <ccwg-internet-governance at icann.org<mailto:ccwg-internet-governance at icann.org>>
Subject: [ccwg-internet-governance] WORLD INTERNET CONFERENCE - WUZHEN SUMMIT; DECEMBER 16-18TH; 2016
Good morning; on our last CCWG Call, I was asked to circulate, as appropriate, a report from ICANN staff on the Wuzhen Conference last month. Apologies for delay.
The brief note below was from our GSE representatives in Asia that accompanied Fadi Chehade at the Conference.
The link to the overall Conference is at http://www.wuzhenwic.org/2015-11/10/c_46113.htm while the “Wuzhen Initiative” (posted after the Conference) is at http://www.wuzhenwic.org/2015-12/18/c_48241.htm
ICANN Note on Wuzhen Summit; 16-18 December, 2015
The conference was the first event organised by the newly set up Institute for Internet Development (IRI) blessed by the President's administration and Vyacheslav Volodin, first deputy head of the President’s administration, in particular. The idea behind this new format is reportedly to explore the opportunities and concrete 'road-maps' to boost the economic benefit from the so-called ‘internet-dependent industries’ and input into the national economy. Therefore, the two-day event featured a few parallel round tables on the first day looking at the economic, social and political issues related to the Internet + society, + sovereignty, +media, +finance, +commerce, +medicine, +city and +education. The outcomes were then to be outlined by the sections’ rapporteurs to the President (who attended the conference briefly on day 2), suggesting ways to develop RuNet in an economically beneficial way and responding the the perceived long term national strategic plans.
Nikolay Nikiforov, Minister of Media and Communications, once again stated the importance of the Internet and IT development for the country (as one of the few points of national economic growth) and called crucial the objective to take all necessary measures to keep up the growth in all internet-dependent industries. In particular, he made a reference to China and the World Internet Conference in Wuzhen which 'demonstrated the vastness of the opportunities for business and society developement in the online space'.
Vyacheslav Volodin, first deputy head of the President’s administration, emphasised the importance of state regulation on the internet which “so far has worked remarkably well”.
A lot of the other presentations on the plenary were devoted to developmental issues – digital divide, broadband rollout, digital literacy etc. Among the breakout sessions which followed, we expected the ones on Internet+society and Internet+sovereignty to be the most interesting:
The highlight of the session on Internet+society was the presentation by Natalia Kasperskaya, CEO of Infowatch, a prominent Russian information security firm. Mrs Kasperskaya argued a few worrying things many of which seem to have been taken on board in the final suggestions of the forum to the President:
* both Russians’ personal data and ‘personal content’ (it’s hard to translate the two different types of data into English as the equivalent of the second would still be ‘personal’ data but what she meant was basically metadata and UGC in a broader sense) should be protected by the state and its use by the foreign companies (read Google, Facebook etc) should be regulated.
* The illegal content should be more differentiated, I.e. More types of objectionable content should be deemed illegal and be blocked ahead of a court order issue. More granular blocking should be enabled (read https by default should not be in place)
* ‘information threats and attacks’ are on the increase at the time of information wars and should be fought at the inter-agency level by the government. She basically suggested setting up a single centre of responding to information threats drawing analogy with CERTs - some sort of ‘info–CERTs’. No detail was offered how that would work.
On top of this, Mr Ashmanov, head of the Ashmanov &partners law firm, and Kasperskaya’s husband, specified that any user-produced data is ‘national heritage/legacy’ like oil/gas is and should be regulated as strategically.
The only technical intervention here was from the head of the Internet Technical Centre (RuNet tech-operator) Alexey Platonov, who pointed out that the DNS-industry, and the new gTLD programme in particular, might run into trouble next year with the law on Russians’ personal data storage localisation (242FZ): he pointed out that this data for new gTLD registrations is stored outside Russia and this problem hasn’t been addressed yet.
The session on Internet+sovereignty was mostly devoted to import replacement issues (e.g. Kasperskaya suggested in particular that the current discounted social tax-rates are kept for Russian IT-companies and not applied to foreign IT-companies). This however was taken cautiously by the President the next day - he pointed out that this should be considered with Russia's WTO obligations in mind. Comms Minister Nikiforov also reiterated here the long-standing point of the Russian government that global Internet governance should be brought under the UN/ITU auspices.
This tuned out as a "wait-day" for President Putin to arrive at the venue (4,5 hours past the expected time). Having attended the exhibition space with stands of a few prominent firms like Rostelecom and Kaspersky Lab, and having talked to the rapporteurs of the breakout sessions behind the closed doors, he then addressed the audience with a 3-5 min speech, hailing the organisers and suggestions from the sessions (these will be formally presented to him as road-maps after the NY holidays). The key point was, however, his announced decision to offer the position of his Counsel on Internet development issues to German Klimenko, head of the hosting newly set up organisation ( Institute for Internet Development). He is currently ‘considering’ the offer but is expected to accept it.
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