<html><head><meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html charset=windows-1252"></head><body style="word-wrap: break-word; -webkit-nbsp-mode: space; -webkit-line-break: after-white-space;">Dear all,<div><br></div><div>I have created, as per Olivier’s request, a google doc that consolidates the most recen contributions to the document we’ve been working on.</div><div><br></div><div>If you were not included in the original notification of creation, I kindly ask you to request access to the document and I will gladly grant it immediately.</div><div><br></div><div>The aim of this is to have a common workspace other than the wiki so we can all contribute in a single draft document.</div><div><br></div><div>I hope you find it useful.</div><div><br><div apple-content-edited="true">
<div>All the best,</div><div><br></div><div><br></div><div><br></div><div>León</div>
</div>
<div><br><div>Inicio del mensaje reenviado:</div><br class="Apple-interchange-newline"><blockquote type="cite"><div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px;"><span style="font-family:'Helvetica'; color:rgba(0, 0, 0, 1.0);"><b>De: </b></span><span style="font-family:'Helvetica';">León Felipe Sánchez Ambía (Google Drive) &lt;<a href="mailto:leonfelipe@sanchez.mx">leonfelipe@sanchez.mx</a>&gt;<br></span></div><div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px;"><span style="font-family:'Helvetica'; color:rgba(0, 0, 0, 1.0);"><b>Asunto: </b></span><span style="font-family:'Helvetica';"><b>Draft Internet Governance Brazil Meeting ccWG Submission Consolidated (<a href="mailto:leonfelipe@sanchez.mx">leonfelipe@sanchez.mx</a>)</b><br></span></div><div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px;"><span style="font-family:'Helvetica'; color:rgba(0, 0, 0, 1.0);"><b>Fecha: </b></span><span style="font-family:'Helvetica';">27 de febrero de 2014 08:57:08 GMT-6<br></span></div><div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px;"><span style="font-family:'Helvetica'; color:rgba(0, 0, 0, 1.0);"><b>Para: </b></span><span style="font-family:'Helvetica';"><a href="mailto:leonfelipe@sanchez.mx">leonfelipe@sanchez.mx</a><br></span></div><div style="margin-top: 0px; margin-right: 0px; margin-bottom: 0px; margin-left: 0px;"><span style="font-family:'Helvetica'; color:rgba(0, 0, 0, 1.0);"><b>Cc: </b></span><span style="font-family:'Helvetica';"><a href="mailto:kdrazek@verisign.com">kdrazek@verisign.com</a>, <a href="mailto:michele@blacknight.com">michele@blacknight.com</a>, <a href="mailto:kstubbs@afilias.info">kstubbs@afilias.info</a>,  <a href="mailto:DFares@21cf.com">DFares@21cf.com</a>, <a href="mailto:paf@netnod.se">paf@netnod.se</a>, <a href="mailto:aparnasridhar@google.com">aparnasridhar@google.com</a>, <a href="mailto:jbladel@godaddy.com">jbladel@godaddy.com</a>,  <a href="mailto:marilynscade@hotmail.com">marilynscade@hotmail.com</a>, <a href="mailto:ocl@gih.com">ocl@gih.com</a>, <a href="mailto:GShatan@reedsmith.com">GShatan@reedsmith.com</a><br></span></div><br><div>
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<td style="vertical-align: top; padding-bottom: 7px; font-size:16px; padding-left: 5px;"><meta itemprop="name" content="Draft Internet Governance Brazil Meeting ccWG Submission Consolidated">
<span itemscope="" itemprop="action" itemtype="http://schema.org/ViewAction"><a href="https://docs.google.com/a/sanchez.mx/document/d/1BOpCmeE4YL3cat_6oN5RaNvDgvEYO-HS82gRzc_aRjo/edit?usp=sharing" style="vertical-align:middle; text-decoration:none; color:#1154cc;" itemprop="url">Draft Internet Governance Brazil Meeting ccWG Submission Consolidated</a>
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<div style="padding: 10px 0;"><title>Draft Internet Governance Brazil Meeting ccWG Submission Consolidated</title><meta content="text/html; charset=UTF-8" http-equiv="content-type"><div style="max-width:468pt;background-color:#ffffff;padding:72pt 72pt 72pt 72pt"><div style="padding: 0px 0px 9pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold">DRAFT Contribution from the ICANN Cross Community Working Group on Internet Governance. </span></div><div style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold">Introduction</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ </span><span style="color:#232323;font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Short intro with all the bells &amp; whistles thanking the conference organisers for accepting the contribution.</span><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">This contribution has been drafted using multi-stakeholder principles by the ICANN Cross Community Working Group (CCWG) on Internet Governance, a group that comprises members of ICANN’s Supporting Organisations (SO), Advisory Committees (AC) and Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Stakeholder Groups (SG). This bottom-up process involved up to 5 people from each of these groups that comprise ICANN’s volunteer community. The concepts expressed in this paper are the result of discussion having taken place on the working group’s mailing list, the CCWG Wiki space created to support it and weekly conference calls throughout the months of January and February 2014.</span></div><div style="padding: 0px 0px 9pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Due to time pressures, the proposals expressed in this contribution have not, so far, been ratified by the respective SOs, ACs and SGs of ICANN. Further communication will advise the NetMundial Organizing Committee if such ratification takes place before the meeting in Brazil.</span></div><div style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold">PART 1: Internet Principles</span></div><p style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><div style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold">2. Definitions of the terms we are using</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ </span><span style="color:#232323;font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">In this section we provide definitions of terms we are going to use in our arguments, so as to avoid any ambiguity which would bring a frivolous discussion in Brazil or generate a misunderstanding which could be used by people wishing to attack the accuracy of our submission.</span><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">In this section, we provide a backgrounder on the definitions that we attribute to terms used in this contribution. The definition of those terms does not serve as a universal definition but rather as the meaning of those terms in the context of the contribution in order to avoid ambiguity.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">What is ICANN?</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Contributions from Michele Neylon; Ariel Manoff; Marilyn Cade; Wolf-Ulrich Knoben – consensus needed</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">What is a multi-stakeholder model?</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Leon Sanchez</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:8pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuchet MS&quot;">The Multi-Stakeholder Model (MSM), as opposed to the Multi-Lateral Model, provides all interested parties a voice in critical decision-making processes. &nbsp;</span><span style="font-size:9pt;background-color:#fffb01;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Within the MSM different stakeholders will take the lead on particular matters based on their competency and mandate but transparency and dialogue are key to the success of multistakeholder processes.</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span><span style="font-size:8pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuchet MS&quot;">Within the context of ICANN, the multistakeholder model refers to the bottom-up, consensus-based process by which stakeholders who participate in ICANN develop policies related to Internet naming and numbering, as well as policies to support the security, stability, and interoperability of the global Internet. &nbsp;Participants in ICANN’s multistakeholder model include businesses, civil society organizations, individual Internet users, technical experts, and governments, </span><span style="font-size:8pt;background-color:#fffb01;font-family:&quot;Trebuchet MS&quot;">each with their respective role</span><span style="font-size:8pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuchet MS&quot;">. &nbsp;In the MSM, any individual or organization may voice anopinion, and ideally, all opinions are considered on their own merits. </span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:8pt;font-family:&quot;Trebuchet MS&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">What is a multi-lateral model?</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Leon Sanchez</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">The Multi-Lateral Model (MLM) is a decision-making process wherein nation states negotiate policy among themselves. &nbsp;In an ideal process, the governmental parties are expected to voice the interests of their citizens. &nbsp;Citizens, businesses, civil society organizations and technical experts cannot participate directly in </span><span style="font-size:9pt;background-color:#fffb01;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">decision-making of</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;a multi-lateral decisionmaking process. &nbsp;</span><span style="font-size:9pt;background-color:#fffb01;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Some multilateral organizations do offer consultative status to non-governmental stakeholders</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">ASO: [ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">definition needed, possibly from ASO members</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">ccNSO: [ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">definition needed, possibly from ccNSO members</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">GNSO: [ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">definition needed, possibly from GNSO members</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">ALAC: "At-Large" is the name for the community of individual Internet users who participate in the policy development work of ICANN. The 15 member At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) is responsible for considering and providing advice on the activities of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), as they relate to the interests of individual Internet users (the “At-Large” community). ICANN, as a private sector, non-profit corporation with technical management responsibilities for the Internet’s domain name and address system, relies on the ALAC and the broader At-Large community to involve and represent in ICANN a broad set of individual Internet user interests.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">GAC: [ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">definition needed, possibly from GAC members</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">SSAC: The Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) advises the ICANN community and Board on matters relating to the security and integrity of the Internet's naming and address allocation systems. This includes operational matters (e.g., matters pertaining to the correct and reliable operation of the root name system), administrative matters (e.g., matters pertaining to address allocation and Internet number assignment), and registration matters (e.g., matters pertaining to registry and registrar services such as WHOIS). SSAC engages in ongoing threat assessment and risk analysis of the Internet naming and address allocation services to assess where the principal threats to stability and security lie, and advises the ICANN community accordingly.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">RSSAC: [ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">definition needed, possibly from RSSAC members</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">RIR: [ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Draft already Submitted by Filiz, Michele &amp; Tracy</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">IETF: [ </span><span style="font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">definition needed // John Curran Def possible</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ John Curran’s draft:</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">The mission of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) is to make the Internet work better by producing high quality, relevant technical documents that influence the way people design, use, and manage the Internet.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">1) The IETF develops Internet protocol standards to facilitate global</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;communications among the voluntary users of these protocols -</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;1a) Users of these protocols include both the vendors who implement </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;them and the customers who use these implementations </span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;1b) These standards have specifications (as elaborated in the RFC </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;series) and interoperability is facilitated by implementation </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;and usage in conformance with the specifications</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;1c) Specifications should be made widely and freely available to</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;the extent possible, to encourage usage in conformance with the</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;specifications.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">2) Some protocols include specification of parameter fields which can</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;take on a range of values; these ranges are referred to registries.</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;Interoperability is facilitated having commonly agreed values in </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;each protocol parameter registry - </span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;2a) Just as with the specifications themselves, the users of these </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;registries include both the vendors who implement protocols and </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;the customers who use the implementations.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;2b) Interoperability is facilitated by having registries implemented</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;and used in conformance with the protocol specifications.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;2c) Access to registries should be widely and freely available to </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;the extent possible, to encourage protocol usage in conformance </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;with the specifications.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;2d) Some protocol parameters are "general use", and registry values</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;assigned upon request to specific parties in accordance with the </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;registry policy. &nbsp;Such assignments are generally unique in nature, </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;i.e. only one party is associated with each general-purpose </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;registry entry.</span></div><p style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; </span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;2e) Coordination (or automation) is necessary to provide uniqueness </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;of assignments in each registry, but it is particularly important</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;in the general purpose registries given the large number of </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;assignments involved. &nbsp;Several of the general purpose registries </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;(DNS, IPv4, IPv6, ASNs) have been delegated to parties external </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;to the IETF which are believed to be reasonably representative </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;of the communities dependent upon those registries.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;2f) Due to protocol specifications, some registries have interactions </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;with one another (e.g. IPv4 assignments and in-addr.arpa DNS space)</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;and require coordination of registry activities as a result.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">3) The remarkable success of the Internet has resulted in it serving a</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;fundamental role in economic and social development; therefore, the </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;ability of a given community (or government) to "voluntarily" decline</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;to make use of Internet standards and registries is actually rather </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;limited - </span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;3a) The implied requirement to make use of Internet standards and </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;registries in order to achieve the economic and social benefits</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;of the Internet only reinforces the need for development processes</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;which are open to all interested parties, as well as the importance</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;of transparency in decision making.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;3b) Outcomes which are based on factors other than technical merit</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;may result in social, political, or economic tradeoffs being</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;integrated into the specifications or registry policies, and </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;are best done based on extremely widely held norms and values.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;3c) To the extent that the IETF does decide to embed a particular </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;social or economic tradeoff in a specification beyond reasons</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;of technical necessity, it should do so in an explicit manner</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;and based on widespread endorsement by the IETF community.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;3d) Particular care in Internet coordination should be paid to </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;expressions of public policy principles which are widely held</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;by many governments (e.g. EU's personal data privacy directive), </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;as these can be more readily considered to avoid specifications </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;or registry policy which might be in conflict in a wide region and </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;thus contrary to the goal of facilitating global communications.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp;3e) Mechanisms should be provided for promoting high-level awareness </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;to all interested parties (including governments and other </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;stakeholders such as civil society) of specification or registry </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;policy development which has significant potential for incorporating &nbsp; &nbsp;</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp; &nbsp;public policy tradeoffs in the final specifications or registry policy.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">This last principle and its corollaries (3 &amp; 3a-3e) are a distinguishing </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">factor between the IETF and simply any other technical standards body...</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">i.e. with global and pervasive deployment of the IETF's specifications must </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">also come a level of awareness of its potential (intentionally and otherwise)</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">of social and economic impact as a result of its efforts. This has been</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">more visible in the DNS and IP registry communities, but should probably</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">be explicitly discussed in the IETF so that a common understanding can be</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">reached on the IETF's role in the Internet ecosystem, and particularly with </span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">respect to governmental interactions since governments are now coming to </span></div><div style="padding: 0px 0px 9pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">similar realization about the Internet ecosystem (incl IETF) and its potential. ]</span></div><p style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><p style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold">3. Arguments (place-holder name, please suggest another name than this)</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ </span><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">These are the explanation of the point of view of this community. Please draft those as punchy and concisely as possible.</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">At the moment we are all working in small groups in order to draft those arguments. You'll notice that some are technical in nature (the single root) whilst others are more "internet governance".</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">3.1 Technical Arguments</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Why is a Single Root needed?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">A single root is needed to ensure global uniqueness regarding names in the namespace created by the delegated administration and allocation of unique names.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Why is a Single Internet needed?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Only parties connected to the same IP based network with the same globally unique IP address space can communicate with each other.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">What is DNSSEC? On what principles does it work?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">With the help of the digital signatures of DNSSEC it is possible for whoever receives a response from a DNS query to validate that the response is authoritative, and that the signed data has not been changed during transport.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Trusted Community Representatives in DNSSEC?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">As part of the joint effort to secure the domain name system (DNS) and the Root DNSSEC key management process currently under consideration, a number of persons acting as trusted representatives of the Internet community will be sought to participate in the root key generation and signing ceremonies. These persons are called Trusted Community Representatives (TCRs).</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">The TCRs can be either Crypto Officers or Recovery Key Share Holders.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">The Crypto Officers are needed to operate the Hardware Security Modules (HSMs) that keep the private key for the root zone. The Recovery Key Share Holders holds pieces of the key material needed for backup of the HSMs content, in the case of complete HSM failure.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">3.2 ICANN Governance Arguments</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">How does the Multistakeholder model work in ICANN?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Why did ICANN open up the NameSpace for new Top Level Domains?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Why did it take so long for new Top Level Domains to be created?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">What is GAC Advice?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">What is “Category 1 and Category 2 names in GAC advice”?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">3.3 Internet Governance Arguments</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Critical Internet Resources (CIR)</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Why is a multi-stakeholder governance model better for the Internet than a multi-lateral model?</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">A multistakeholder model allows all users – whether individual citizens, businesses, governments, civil society organizations, or technical experts – to have a say in shaping the future of Internet governance. &nbsp;Because all members of the Internet community are affected by Internet governance, we should all contribute to its development. &nbsp;Moreover, the multistakeholder model has enabled and fostered the astonishingly rapid growth of the Internet as a critical platform for innovation, </span><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;background-color:#fffb01;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">creativity,</span><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;commerce, and the exchange of information and ideas. &nbsp;If we continue to refine and improve the multistakeholder model, we will ensure that the Internet continues to grow and flourish in the future. Again, </span><span style="font-size:9pt;background-color:#fffb01;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">within the MSM different stakeholders will take the lead on particular matters based on their competency and mandate but transparency and dialogue are key to the success of multistakeholder processes.</span><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp; </span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><p style="padding: 0px 0px 9pt; height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold">PART 2: Future evolution of the Internet Governance ecosystem</span></div><p style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><div style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold">4. Roadmap Contributions</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ </span><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">This is the part of the Brazil meeting which wishes to design a Roadmap for further evolution of the Internet Governance ecosystem. Whilst in sections 2 and 3, we are merely stating fact which I believe we can all agree to pretty quickly (since it is drafted by the best experts in ICANN: you), Section 4 is going to be a much harder piece of work because:</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">a. we might not agree with each other</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">b. we have so little time to discuss it</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">So let me fire the first shot: what does one mean by a Roadmap? Well, you can bet ICANN's going to be in the firing line for this and Internationalisation of ICANN, including the IANA function is going to be a really hot topic in Brazil. You can already see the European Commission warming up on this. You know Brazil's also hot. And that's nothing compared with some other contributions which we've heard at WCIT over a year ago. ]</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Evolution of ICANN: principles by which ICANN should evolve.</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Evolution driven by the ICANN Community</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">bottom-up multi-stakeholder input from the ICANN community</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Board in ongoing consultation with the community</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Advice provided by external consultants</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Needs to be reviewed by the Community</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Shepherding by the Board</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Needs to instruct ICANN Senior staff on future directions</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Negotiations with US Department of Commerce on future of ICANN</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Taking into account input received from the community in the run-up to these negotiations</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Transparency as a key to all actions by the Board, ICANN Staff and the Community</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Topics to be included in Evolution of ICANN</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Internationalization of ICANN</span></div><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">Internationalization of the IANA function</span></div><div style="padding: 0px 0px 9pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">International Frameworks for the accountability of ICANN</span></div><p style="padding: 0px 0px 9pt; height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><p style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><p style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;"></span></p><div style="padding: 0px 0px 2pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold">5. Conclusions</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-style:italic;font-weight:bold"></span></p><div style="text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span style="font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">[ </span><span style="color:#232323;font-style:italic;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">A very short conclusion // I would shy away from repeating the content in the body of the contribution but would make use of this paragraph to emphasize our overall message. I'd suggest something very punchy here.</span><span style="color:#232323;font-size:9pt;font-family:&quot;Times New Roman&quot;">&nbsp;]</span></div><p style="height: 11pt; text-align: justify; direction: ltr; font-size: 11pt; margin: 0px; font-family: Arial; padding: 0px;"><span></span></p></div></div>
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