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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="color:#0070C0">And, hopefully last for the week, but this just came in from today’s Washington Post:</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="color:#0070C0"> </span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<b><span style="font-size:24.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:#2A2A2A">Russians are masters of deception when it comes to cyberwars</span></b><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#666666">By </span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#666666"><a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.washingtonpost.com_people_david-2Dignatius_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=CrbgFzNv7Z1jTtmpGqenH52hg79CuMggE1wzeJQU82c&e=" title="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.washingtonpost.com_people_david-2Dignatius_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=CrbgF"><span class="author-name"><b><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">David
 Ignatius</span></b></span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[washingtonpost.com]</span></a><span class="gray-dark"> </span></span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#666666">Columnist</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-family:"Arial",sans-serif;color:#666666">Jan. 2, 2020 at 8:16 p.m. EST</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">When it comes to international cybersecurity issues, you have to credit Russia for its baldfaced hypocrisy. The fox, as it were, has just managed to get itself elected chairman of the committee
 to protect the henhouse.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="font--body" style="margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:1.25rem;caret-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: auto;text-align:start;widows: auto;-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px">
<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">Last week, with little notice, Russia <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.nytimes.com_aponline_2019_12_27_world_europe_ap-2Dun-2Dunited-2Dnations-2Dcombating-2Dcybercrime.html&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=htKtgXy9lH6u3nQ2PCheG_Cnq61qL7y5V6Gl0a88Z7Y&e=" title="www.nytimes.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">won
 approval</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[nytimes.com]</span></a> from the U.N. General Assembly for its resolution to begin drafting a new global treaty to combat cybercrime.
 Yes, that’s right, the country that hacked the 2016 U.S. presidential election and various European campaigns is now leading the process to write international rules about hacking.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">What’s the Russian word for “chutzpah”?</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">The Russian plan was opposed — feebly, it must be said — by the United States and some European countries. A State Department official warned reporters on Dec. 19, eight days before the
 measure passed, that the United States had “<a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.politico.com_newsletters_morning-2Dcybersecurity&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=N66UNJTGlsVYoe0_t-G_tNFz8Xv2t08kSLmPT41nnEQ&e=" title="www.politico.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">very
 serious concerns</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[politico.com]</span></a>” about such a treaty that would “<a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.justtherealnews.com_exec-2Ddepts_state-2Ddepartment_state-2Ddepartment-2Dofficial-2Don-2Dmultilateral-2Dcyber-2Defforts_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=2jnIcBW8JCLG7vQ_TpUcI4nojV838Q3yfIvzdf6-MGI&e=" title="www.justtherealnews.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">stand
 against fundamental American freedoms</span><span style="color:#954F72">[justtherealnews.com]</span></a>.”</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="font--body" style="margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:1.25rem;caret-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: auto;text-align:start;widows: auto;-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px">
<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">A similar caution came from a coalition that included the European Union and some prominent nongovernmental organizations. “The approach taken .</span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:black"> </span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">.</span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;color:black"> </span><span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">.
 is fundamentally flawed and would restrict the use of the internet for human rights, and social and economic development,” <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.apc.org_en_pubs_open-2Dletter-2Dun-2Dgeneral-2Dassembly-2Dproposed-2Dinternational-2Dconvention-2Dcybercrime-2Dposes-2Dthreat-2Dhuman&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=5va57gQExEW3yPI9iasgUzqRDmszXFlEXllF_LJ74e0&e=" title="www.apc.org"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">an
 open letter</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[apc.org]</span></a> signed by NGOs said. But the measure, backed by China, <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.scmp.com_news_world_united-2Dstates-2Dcanada_article_3043763_un-2Dapproves-2Drussian-2Dsponsored-2Dchina-2Dbacked-2Dbid-2Dnew&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=wagUs1DJyIv-xPnPCrsVBWfF3G7Pzf7fU-YOcgYv7Hs&e=" title="www.scmp.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">passed
 79 to 60</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[scmp.com]</span></a>, with 33 abstentions.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">“I think this is a pretty big deal, especially in how we control the Internet and who gets to govern it,” says <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.aspeninstitute.org_blog-2Dposts_case-2Ddepartment-2Dhomeland-2Dsecurity_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=1TGaknLhr5BR4XUm39xAYxODpM3-uVKI9KYZuz99s1I&e=" title="www.aspeninstitute.org"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">Michael
 Chertoff</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[aspeninstitute.org]</span></a>, a former secretary of homeland security who now runs a <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.chertoffgroup.com_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=ylaEG5SJ9OWZLe5vnmeLZ9BCnXJiQqsgGHzCXDK_2kE&e=" title="www.chertoffgroup.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">large
 cyber-consulting group</span><span style="color:#954F72">[chertoffgroup.com]</span></a>.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">Chertoff notes that although officials from both the State and Justice departments have tried to counter Russian efforts, there has been little top-level focus from the Trump White House.
 “I don’t think cybersecurity has been elevated to a priority in the way that tariffs have been, even though it’s more important to the global economy in the 21st century.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">“The Russians see information security as security against information they don’t like,” Chertoff explains. Russia tries to block reporting that challenges its government narratives, just
 as China uses its so-called <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.theguardian.com_news_2018_jun_29_the-2Dgreat-2Dfirewall-2Dof-2Dchina-2Dxi-2Djinpings-2Dinternet-2Dshutdown&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=boNb_c6_VpRCT6pxM53tca0ifDS7vh85FsVuBlohkfI&e=" title="www.theguardian.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">Great
 Firewall</span><span style="color:#954F72">[theguardian.com]</span></a> to restrict the flow of negative information inside its borders. Both countries are exporting these censoring technologies to other nations that want to suppress dissent.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">“People should pay attention,” agrees <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.cyberscoop.com_chris-2Dpainter-2Dstate-2Ddepartment-2Dcybersecurity_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=Cg_HafeAYEvjNSgkqRTSHvldpoSLHx5Vmd4IhbDIe9w&e=" title="www.cyberscoop.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">Chris
 Painter</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[cyberscoop.com]</span></a>, who was the Obama administration’s top cyber diplomat. He notes that the Russians have been trying for two
 decades to shape global Internet rules that match their interests. But with the cybercrime treaty, “they’ve taken it to the next level.”</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="font--body" style="margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:1.25rem;caret-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: auto;text-align:start;widows: auto;-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px">
<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">The Russians never joined the U.S.-led 2001 <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__en.wikipedia.org_wiki_Convention-5Fon-5FCybercrime&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=x0WJG7ZfpTFJlRpsb581oac2y7eP50qKsmaMsLlyMWo&e=" title="en.wikipedia.org"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">Budapest
 Convention</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[en.wikipedia.org]</span></a> on Cybercrime, signed by 67 nations, viewing it as too intrusive. They took part in a U.N. <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.un.org_disarmament_group-2Dof-2Dgovernmental-2Dexperts_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=kCtjQC6puFbO_-PiQXjudrrypWH7qwsp4CMio0vqbq4&e=" title="www.un.org"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">Group
 of Governmental Experts</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[un.org]</span></a> on the Internet and embraced its consensus norms in 2013 and 2015, but they balked in 2017 and formed
 a rival U.N. oversight organization called the Open-Ended Working Group in 2018.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="font--body" style="margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:1.25rem;caret-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: auto;text-align:start;widows: auto;-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px">
<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">The working group has received submissions from nations that suppress Internet freedom. China inevitably called for “win-win cooperation” <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__internet-2Dgovernance-2Dradar.de_aktuelles_blogpost_q3-2D2019&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=Gpl9rl-g9078kVIISyi8ociMppZ_7zbqMq0B9XtarmA&e=" title="internet-governance-radar.de"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">but
 insisted that</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[internet-governance-radar.de]</span></a> “the principle of sovereignty applies in cyberspace.” Iran, which closed off the Internet
 in November to try to suppress domestic protests, argued that it has been “a victim of cyber weapon[s],” presumably a reference to an alleged <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.reuters.com_article_us-2Diran-2Disrael-2Dstuxnet_iran-2Dbuilds-2Dfirewall-2Dagainst-2Dstuxnet-2Dcomputer-2Dvirus-2Dminister-2DidUSKCN1SM116&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=QLjG9YwZDdFb8UBCS2CCM1aeT6FUn5E6GSQW62YbyA0&e=" title="www.reuters.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">Stuxnet
 attack</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[reuters.com]</span></a> by the United States and Israel.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="font--body" style="margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:1.25rem;caret-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: auto;text-align:start;widows: auto;-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px">
<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">A leading architect of Russia’s Internet strategy has been Andrey Krutskikh, a special representative of President Vladimir Putin for information security. Sources described a comment he
 made to a Moscow audience in February 2016, as the Russians were about to launch their hacking assault on the U.S. presidential election: “I’m warning you: We are at the verge of having ‘something’ in the information arena, which will allow us to talk to the
 Americans as equals.”</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="font--body" style="margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:1.25rem;caret-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: auto;text-align:start;widows: auto;-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px">
<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">Krutskikh and his Russian colleagues have been wooing foreigners toward what he described last March as “depoliticized expert dialogue” about cybersecurity. One example was his meeting in
 Moscow in November with Henri Verdier, France’s ambassador for digital affairs. The two agreed on “the need to develop international cooperation” in cyberspace, within a U.N. framework, according to a Russian news release after the meeting.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="font--body" style="margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:1.25rem;caret-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: auto;text-align:start;widows: auto;-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px">
<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">How’s that again? Isn’t France one of the United States’ digital allies, and wasn’t President Emmanuel Macron <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.nytimes.com_2017_05_05_world_europe_france-2Dmacron-2Dhacking.html&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=JOoTv2msJqaKbpzR_E9JAHzyPHhlfPXeOQBMU8FTI_8&e=" title="www.nytimes.com"><span style="color:#1955A5;text-decoration:none">a
 victim of Russian hacking</span><span class="apple-converted-space"><span style="color:#954F72"> </span></span><span style="color:#954F72">[nytimes.com]</span></a> during his 2017 presidential campaign? It’s complicated, apparently. Kommersant, a Russian newspaper,
 quoted Verdier saying after the meeting: “France has not officially attributed cyberattacks to anyone.”</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
<p class="font--body" style="margin:0in;margin-bottom:.0001pt;font-size:1.25rem;caret-color: rgb(0, 0, 0);font-variant-caps: normal;orphans: auto;text-align:start;widows: auto;-webkit-text-size-adjust: auto;-webkit-text-stroke-width: 0px;word-spacing:0px">
<span style="font-size:12.0pt;font-family:"Georgia",serif;color:black">As I said, you have to hand it to the Russians when it comes to information wars. They are masters of the arts of deception and denial, never more effectively than in the Internet age. They
 pick your pockets, and then they offer to help you call the police.</span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="color:#0070C0"> </span><span style="color:black"><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<span style="color:black"><a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.washingtonpost.com_opinions_russians-2Dare-2Dmasters-2Dof-2Ddeception-2Dwhen-2Dit-2Dcomes-2Dto-2Dcyberwars_2020_01_02_d931bb70-2D2db4-2D11ea-2D9b60-2D817cc18cf173-5Fstory.html&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=_zSG8NBlgnSRaySi8_sZ4lRDYKmu5Sbw7Ok636YnZeQ&s=Zutql22PKD2IaQnuaiXiN8w5ykXak8mO6MML6w-ZdvM&e="><span style="color:#954F72">https://www.washingtonpost.com/opinions/russians-are-masters-of-deception-when-it-comes-to-cyberwars/2020/01/02/d931bb70-2db4-11ea-9b60-817cc18cf173_story.html
 [washingtonpost.com]</span></a><o:p></o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;color:#0070C0"><o:p> </o:p></span></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span style="color:black">From: </span></b><span style="color:black">ccwg-internet-governance <ccwg-internet-governance-bounces@icann.org> on behalf of Veni Markovski <veni.markovski@icann.org><br>
<b>Date: </b>Thursday, January 2, 2020 at 22:10<br>
<b>To: </b>CCWG <ccwg-internet-governance@icann.org><br>
<b>Subject: </b>Re: [ccwg-internet-governance] UN developments in cyber<o:p></o:p></span></p>
</div>
<div>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;color:#0070C0">I should have added that each of the three groups will be issuing a report. The OEWG will publish their report this year. The GGE – next year, and the OECE – depending on what they decide in
 August. In the provided links there are the GGE previous reports (latest one is from 2015), and the 2021 one will build on it. The OEWG and GGE reports are supposed to be accepted with consensus.</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;color:#0070C0"> </span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;color:#0070C0">v/</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt;color:#0070C0"> </span><o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><b><span style="color:black">From: </span></b><span style="color:black">Veni Markovski <veni.markovski@icann.org><br>
<b>Date: </b>Thursday, January 2, 2020 at 15:48<br>
<b>To: </b>CCWG <ccwg-internet-governance@icann.org><br>
<b>Subject: </b>UN developments in cyber </span><o:p></o:p></p>
</div>
<div>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">Hi, everyone. </span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt"> </span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">We have talked about these developments during our briefings, including at the ICANN meetings; I have also briefed different members of the ICANN community throughout the year, when there has been an opportunity
 to do so. <br>
<br>
The United Nations in 2019 worked on two parallel tracks, which have the potential to touch on ICANN’s remit: the two tracks within UN General Assembly First Committee – the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) and the Group of Governmental Experts (GGE), both of
 them to deal with cybersecurity*. What some of you have seen just before New Year, is the decision of UNGA (the third track, which worked its ways through UNGA Third Committee) to create another Open-Ended ad-hoc committee of experts (OECE), to deal with drafting
 a new Cybercrime Convention. All three groups consist of governmental members only. The OEWG and the OECE consist of all member states, the GGE is of 25 members. Both groups will continue their work in 2020, and the GGE – in 2021. The OEWG and the GGE are
 planning to issue consensus reports. The OECE will meet in August 2020 to decide on the outline and modalities, and will send them to the UNGA 75<sup>th</sup> session for approval, so there’s no expectations that it will do anything more this (2020) year.
</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt"> </span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">The OEWG had its organizational meeting in June, one formal session in September, and one “intersessional consultative meeting” in December. The GGE had its first meeting in December as well (9<sup>th</sup>
 – 12<sup>th</sup>), and it was preceded with a 2-day (December 5<sup>th</sup> – 6<sup>th</sup>) “informal consultations” with all member states. On the group’s web sites, quoted below, you can see the schedule for 2020. It is important to know that the groups
 can only function within the rules of procedure of the UNGA. Non-governmental actors can speak either in informal setting (e.g. outside of the time for the formal session; this happened in September OEWG meeting, when the four NGOs, which were present could
 only speak after the formal session was over), or – as in the December 2-4 “intersessional consultative meeting”, which had about 114 speakers (business, NGOs, individuals).
</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt"> </span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">Both OEWG and GGE have excellent chairs – the Permanent Representative to the UN from Switzerland Amb. Lauder for the OEWG and an Ambassador from Brazil, H.E. Patriota, for the GGE. Both are skilled career
 diplomats, and are hopeful for a successful outcome. Both groups’ chairs have reached out to regional groups, and have had meetings with stakeholders (depending on the region, these were only with governments, or with others, as well). I participated in the
 one with the African Union in October, where the regional outreach efforts was combined with a session of the
<a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.thegfce.com_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=hOvEbf1BUPGIVN00qXHWCv3vSYWB21z9DRelX1oBVqM&s=J3WsXnw91Nt-Gn2JErHXJf3SLyPHLmoRA6y4h0f_4dw&e=">
GFCE [thegfce.com]</a> – Global Forum on Cyber Expertise. We are usually at such forums in order to provide factual ICANN-related information, as sometimes there are questions or statements that touch on ICANN’s work, and they not necessarily present the latest
 information about the DNS and the unique identifiers. In the past, I have shared (including in this group) some examples of questions being asked, which give some ideas about the general conversation.    </span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt"> </span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">Several media outlets picked what’s happening at the UN with regards to the Third Committee negotiations and the work that’s to come on a new Cybercrime Convention. I am sending three of the most substantive
 articles in major media – the Washington Post, <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.washingtonpost.com_national-2Dsecurity_the-2Dus-2Dis-2Durging-2Da-2Dno-2Dvote-2Don-2Da-2Drussian-2Dled-2Dun-2Dresolution-2Dcalling-2Dfor-2Da-2Dglobal-2Dcybercrime-2Dtreaty_2019_11_16_b4895e76-2D075e-2D11ea-2D818c-2Dfcc65139e8c2-5Fstory.html&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=hOvEbf1BUPGIVN00qXHWCv3vSYWB21z9DRelX1oBVqM&s=cnS6odGIv4-Sipl90ziCYHu1mtgymcewz9aYQjlwlD0&e=">
here [washingtonpost.com]</a> and <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.washingtonpost.com_national-2Dsecurity_un-2Dvotes-2Dto-2Dadvance-2Drussian-2Dled-2Dresolution-2Don-2Da-2Dcybercrime-2Dtreaty_2019_11_19_fb6a633e-2D0b06-2D11ea-2D97ac-2Da7ccc8dd1ebc-5Fstory.html&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=hOvEbf1BUPGIVN00qXHWCv3vSYWB21z9DRelX1oBVqM&s=iw7-yhTTkEhORLcwrWfmHiJMZDeIGUGKbxncs2Qr4YA&e=">
here [washingtonpost.com]</a>, and an OpEd <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.washingtonpost.com_politics_2019_12_04_un-2Dpassed-2Drussia-2Dbacked-2Dcybercrime-2Dresolution-2Dthats-2Dnot-2Dgood-2Dnews-2Dinternet-2Dfreedom_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=hOvEbf1BUPGIVN00qXHWCv3vSYWB21z9DRelX1oBVqM&s=rt4aeo1yOyf1jYk5LIBdjBhPiYMb4ItLowaoie4e4d4&e=">
here [washingtonpost.com]</a>. </span><o:p></o:p></p>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">Hope that this is helpful. </span>
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<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">To use the opportunity – Happy New Year!!!</span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">__________<br>
* - The full names of the groups are: </span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">Open-ended Working Group on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security (OEWG) – at
<a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.un.org_disarmament_open-2Dended-2Dworking-2Dgroup_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=hOvEbf1BUPGIVN00qXHWCv3vSYWB21z9DRelX1oBVqM&s=5d__1K-7NEVQhqCpNayAS3ih2eBZ8kI4LGVTVXwa8ZQ&e=">
https://www.un.org/disarmament/open-ended-working-group/ [un.org]</a></span><o:p></o:p></p>
<p class="MsoNormal"><span style="font-size:11.0pt">and the Group of Governmental Experts on Advancing responsible State behaviour in cyberspace in the context of international security (GGE) – at  <a href="https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=https-3A__www.un.org_disarmament_group-2Dof-2Dgovernmental-2Dexperts_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=K2FTKNuWb7Wf7f2CPCidMAlhi_unNVA6jjeHLvfMGss&m=hOvEbf1BUPGIVN00qXHWCv3vSYWB21z9DRelX1oBVqM&s=9Jlg9k7fEou3mwo-9U7-5DMm3NRU-53VebJ8X6LeHVI&e=">https://www.un.org/disarmament/group-of-governmental-experts/
 [un.org]</a></span><o:p></o:p></p>
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