[Gnso-newgtld-wg-wt5] Action for WT5 Members - Definition of Geographic Terms

Raymond Mamattah mamattah.raymond at gmail.com
Tue Jan 9 14:00:56 UTC 2018

Hello Martin,

This is a great information for those of us who are still learning.


On Jan 8, 2018 10:12 PM, "Martin Sutton" <martin at brandregistrygroup.org>

> Dear WT5 Members,
> One of the key areas identified during the WT5 TOR discussions related to
> the definition of geographic terms. This will be a priority focus for us as
> we begin the substantive work in WT5 and has been highlighted in recent
> exchanges on the PDP WG mailing list. Defining geographic terms for the
> purpose of top-level domains will help us to frame our overall work within
> WT5.
> To ensure that all WT5 members are working from the same set of
> assumptions, we would like to have discussions about the working definition
> of geographic names at our next meeting on 17 Jan and request input from
> members prior to the call.
> If you are not familiar with the history and context of how the GNSO
> policies and Applicant Guidebook evolved in relation to geographic terms,
> the final report of the Cross Community Working Group Framework for the Use
> of Country and Territory Names as TLDs (CCWG-UCTN) provides a good
> background https://ccnso.icann.org/sites/default/files/
> field-attached/ccwg-ctn-final-paper-15jun17-en.pdf.
> The 2012 Applicant Guidebook states the following in relation to
> geographic terms:
> Geographic Names Review
> Applications for gTLD strings must ensure that appropriate consideration
> is given to the interests of governments or public authorities in
> geographic names. The requirements and procedure ICANN will follow in the
> evaluation process are described in the following paragraphs. Applicants
> should review these requirements even if they do not believe their intended
> gTLD string is a geographic name. All applied-for gTLD strings will be
> reviewed according to the requirements in this section, regardless of
> whether the application indicates it is for a geographic name.
> Treatment of Country or Territory Names6
> Applications for strings that are country or territory names will not be
> approved, as they are not available under the New gTLD Program in this
> application round. A string shall be considered to be a country or
> territory name if:
>    1.
>    it is an alpha-3 code listed in the ISO 3166-1 standard.
>    2.
>    it is a long-form name listed in the ISO 3166-1 standard, or a
>    translation of the long-form name in any language.
>    3.
>    it is a short-form name listed in the ISO 3166-1 standard, or a
>    translation of the short-form name in any language.
>    4.
>    it is the short- or long-form name association with a code that has
>    been designated as “exceptionally reserved” by the ISO 3166 Maintenance
>    Agency.
>    5.
>    it is a separable component of a country name designated on the
>    “Separable Country Names List,” or is a translation of a name appearing on
>    the list, in any language. See the Annex at the end of this module.
>    6.
>    it is a permutation or transposition of any of the names included in
>    items (i) through (v). Permutations include removal of spaces, insertion of
>    punctuation, and addition or removal of grammatical articles like
>    “the.” A transposition is considered a change in the sequence of the long
>    or short–form name, for example, “RepublicCzech” or “IslandsCayman.”
>    vii. it is a name by which a country is commonly known, as
>    demonstrated by evidence that the country is recognized by that name by an
>    intergovernmental or treaty organization.
> **
> *Geographic Names Requiring Government Support*
> The following types of applied-for strings are considered geographic names
> and must be accompanied by documentation of support or non-objection from
> the relevant governments or public authorities:
>    1. An application for any string that is a representation, in any
>    language, of the *capital city name *of any country or territory
>    listed in the ISO 3166-1 standard.
>    2. An application for a *city name*, where the applicant declares that
>    it intends to use the gTLD for purposes associated with the city name.
> City names present challenges because city names may also be generic terms
> or brand names, and in many cases city names are not unique. Unlike other
> types of geographic names, there are no established lists that can be used
> as objective references in the evaluation process. Thus, city names are not
> universally protected. However, the process does provide a means for cities
> and applicants to work together where desired.
> An application for a city name will be subject to the geographic names
> requirements (i.e., will require documentation of support or non-objection
> from the relevant governments or public authorities) if:
> (a) It is clear from applicant statements within the application that the
> applicant will use the TLD primarily for purposes associated with the city
> name; and
>   (b) The applied-for string is a city name as listed on official city
> documents.7
>    1. An application for any string that is an exact match of a *sub-national
>    place name*, such as a county, province, or state, listed in the ISO
>    3166-2 standard.
>    2. An application for a string listed as a UNESCO region8 or appearing
>    on the “Composition of macro geographical (continental) regions,
>    geographical sub-regions, and selected economic and other groupings” list.
>    9
> In the case of an application for a string appearing on either of the
> lists above, documentation of support will be required from at least 60% of
> the respective national governments in the region, and there may be no more
> than one written statement of objection to the application from relevant
> governments in the region and/or public authorities associated with the
> continent or the region.
> Where the 60% rule is applied, and there are common regions on both lists,
> the regional composition contained in the “Composition of macro
> geographical (continental) regions, geographical sub-regions, and selected
> economic and other groupings” takes precedence.
> An applied-for gTLD string that falls into any of 1 through 4 listed above
> is considered to represent a geographic name. In the event of any doubt, it
> is in the applicant’s interest to consult with relevant governments and
> public authorities and enlist their support or non-objection prior to
> submission of the application, in order to preclude possible objections and
> pre-address any ambiguities concerning the string and applicable
> requirements.
> Strings that include but do not match a geographic name (as defined in
> this section) will not be considered geographic names as defined by section
>, and therefore will not require documentation of government
> support in the evaluation process.
> 6 Country and territory names are excluded from the process based on
> advice from the Governmental Advisory Committee in recent communiqués
> providing interpretation of Principle 2.2 of the GAC Principles regarding
> New gTLDs to indicate that strings which are a meaningful representation or
> abbreviation of a country or territory name should be handled through the
> forthcoming ccPDP, and other geographic strings could be allowed in the
> gTLD space if in agreement with the relevant government or public
> authority.
> 7 City governments with concerns about strings that are duplicates,
> nicknames or close renderings of a city name should not rely on the
> evaluation process as the primary means of protecting their interests in a
> string. Rather, a government may elect to file a formal objection to an
> application that is opposed by the relevant community, or may submit its
> own application for the string.
> 8 *See *http://www.unesco.org/new/en/unesco/worldwide/[unesco.org]
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__www.unesco.org_new_en_unesco_worldwide_&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=UAy6fqdE7uFkRCc7uzN4yui8bwTtqofadZHiQEIO1vw&m=xkyKkaMrpFHC2Y7bYkg2dZgFxuTEPoPOyK6Gp8VdOjo&s=BFlNnYVG3cWU8E7WYL8IM3sAhljIgoJIlNXg7FOY0ZE&e=>
> .
> 9 *See *http://unstats.un.org/unsd/methods/m49/m49regin.htm[
> unstats.un.org]
> <https://urldefense.proofpoint.com/v2/url?u=http-3A__unstats.un.org_unsd_methods_m49_m49regin.htm&d=DwMGaQ&c=FmY1u3PJp6wrcrwll3mSVzgfkbPSS6sJms7xcl4I5cM&r=UAy6fqdE7uFkRCc7uzN4yui8bwTtqofadZHiQEIO1vw&m=xkyKkaMrpFHC2Y7bYkg2dZgFxuTEPoPOyK6Gp8VdOjo&s=OUphKkFDZowCxK0Owp9DX4kk3oafMaWuFbNFUpKV-CE&e=>
> .
> For a potential new applicant guidebook, we need a consensus driven common
> understanding of geographic identifiers to provide clarity to potential
> applicants. We would like to gather input from WT5 members, specifically
> whether the current definition is fit for purpose or not.  If you think
> there should be changes, specify what these would be (additions, deletions)
> and the rationale for adding or removing any elements of the definition.
> *Please submit your comments, ideally by 15 Jan, to provide an opportunity
> to discuss the input during our next call. *
> To submit your comment, please use the following link to the document or
> submit via email specifying:
> 1. Contributor name
> 2. Addition/deletion/amendment to definition
> 3. Rationale to support the change
> This will then be added to the google doc which is available here (
> https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1ooKmb576MQJvpHyDYOlJE3M2-
> Ssnv-SSgVfroT3D7Fc/edit?usp=sharing) for those that may wish to populate
> the document directly.  Please do not amend any other entries as this
> document will not track changes.
> We look forward to receiving your input.
> Kind regards
> *WT5 Co-Leaders*
> Annebeth Lange
> Christopher Wilkinson
> Martin Sutton
> Olga Cavalli
> _______________________________________________
> Gnso-newgtld-wg-wt5 mailing list
> Gnso-newgtld-wg-wt5 at icann.org
> https://mm.icann.org/mailman/listinfo/gnso-newgtld-wg-wt5
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