[Gnso-ppsai-pdp-wg] EWG privacy & proxy survey: draft questions

Campillos Gonzalez, Gema Maria GCAMPILLOS at minetur.es
Thu Dec 19 19:27:00 UTC 2013

Dear all,

First of all, I introduce myself. My name is Gema Campillos and I´m a civil servant in Spain. My current position is Deputy Director on Information Society Services (in the Ministry of Industry, Energy and Tourism) and I represent my country at the GAC. I would like to stress from the outset that I´m not a representative for the GAC in this GNSO working group.

My interest in participating in this WG comes from the hurdles proxy and privacy services suppose for the exercise or supervisory powers over service providers subject to Spanish law. They may serve legitimate purposes, like preventing spam or phishing attacks, or even prosecution in countries with limited freedom of speech, but in my experience, proxy and privacy services are overwhelmingly used by infringers of consumer protection and intellectual property laws.

We oversee websites addressing the Spanish market. The Ministry of Education, Culture and Sports supervise websites violating IPRs of right holders in Spain as well. They all have to comply with Spanish law. But, some of them choose to move to other locations to escape from public authorities control (their servers are located outside, their hosting providers are beyond our frontiers...), they hide behind "straw men" or hire a privacy or proxy service in another country to replace their Whois information. But, they still target the residents in Spain by providing information in Spanish, pricing in euros, displaying adverts of Spanish companies, etc.

Some of the privacy and proxy services also spread their reach to foreign markets. Godaddy is a conspicuous instance. It detects you access the Internet through an IP address in Spain and directs you to http://es.godaddy.com. There, information is given in Spanish with a local telephone number for assistance. Those also fall within the scope of Spanish Law 34/2002, of 11 July, on Information Society Services and E-Commerce.

We have addressed proxy and privacy services on several occasions to request them to reveal to us the identity of the domain name holder, but they have refused to do so, arguing that they can only disclose that information to "law enforcement agencies" (aren´t we one of those?) or to "a state or federal court located in the United States". If we were to seek a court order to be conveyed to foreign courts, recognized and executed by them, which we are not obliged to do according to our national law, the website at issue could have disappeared by then and our action would be useless. I enclose two sample answers.   *I hope the companies named in this e-mail and in the examples don´t take offence. I do not have any animosity against them.

To be fair, I must confess that IP providers, hosting services... also make this kind of excuse sometimes. Vey often they don´t even respond to our requests.

The Internet grants providers, however small they are, the ability to sell or offer information globally. But, I think that when you benefit from access to a market you must be obliged to abide by its rules as well (in the EU we apply the "country of origin" principle to the Internet except for consumer protection and some other exceptions since there´s a high level of harmonization among us). This rule of thumb in the physical world is not respected on the Internet to the detriment of recipients of services in local markets. A company doing business internationally should be able to cooperate with local authorities. Otherwise, it is helping infringers of local laws to pursue their illegal activities.

I understand verifying the authenticity of public authorities requests when a company provides its services worldwide, the competence of that authority to issue that request and ascertaining the information is not going to be used against human rights treaties cannot be automated like all the processes of registries, registrars and other Internet service providers. But, they should do something to cooperate with public authorities. In this regard, I draw your attention to the Internet & Jurisdiction project (http://www.internetjurisdiction.net) that is undertaking the challenge to devise a protocol based on self-regulation to overcome the barriers jurisdiction limits pose to law enforcement efforts.

Sorry for this long message. You might come to the conclusion at the end of it that my concerns are outside the scope of this WG. In this case, please let me know and I won´t bother you anymore.

I attach the questionnaire for the EWG with some questions -the ones I can answered- filled in.

As we are almost in Christmas, I wish you enjoy this season and have a happy new year.

Gema Campillos
Deputy Director of Information Society Services
Secretary of State for Telecommunications and Information Society
Telf: 34 91 346 15 97

De: gnso-ppsai-pdp-wg-bounces at icann.org [mailto:gnso-ppsai-pdp-wg-bounces at icann.org] En nombre de Mary Wong
Enviado el: miércoles, 18 de diciembre de 2013 0:46
Para: gnso-ppsai-pdp-wg at icann.org
Asunto: [Gnso-ppsai-pdp-wg] EWG privacy & proxy survey: draft questions

Dear Working Group members,

Please find attached the draft questions that were discussed during the WG call earlier today. As mentioned, the Expert Working Group intends to send out the final text and questions by mid-January, and as such feedback and suggestions from this WG should be sent to them no later than Friday 10 January 2014. To expedite WG discussion and finalization of feedback, we suggest inserting any comments you may have in the attached document. In order to facilitate discussion at the next WG call on Tuesday 7 January 2014, please send your annotated document to me as soon as you can - staff will collate all responses received for the 7 January call. In the interest of expediency, you may wish to indicate that your comments are made in your personal capacity should it prove difficult to obtain your constituency/stakeholder group/community's feedback and sign-off in the timeline within which we are working.

Since waiting to start and finish all WG discussions about this survey in that single call on 7 January is an ambitious undertaking, however, it would be tremendously helpful if comments, questions and thoughts could be posted to this mailing list between now and then. For example, you may wish to circulate your written comments on the questions to the list to kickstart discussions or raise concerns about particular questions.

For the most effective and efficient use of your time, you may wish also to focus on commenting on the scope and substance of each draft question rather than redrafting them. The EWG also welcomes feedback on the types of questions that should be asked and that are missing from the current draft.

Thank you all for an excellent discussion today - and happy holidays to you and yours!


Mary Wong
Senior Policy Director
Internet Corporation for Assigned Names & Numbers (ICANN)
Telephone: +1 603 574 4892
Email: mary.wong at icann.org<mailto:mary.wong at icann.org>

* One World. One Internet. *
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