[GTLD-WG] Geo names - not the real problem

John McCormac jmcc at hosterstats.com
Thu Aug 22 17:08:02 UTC 2019

Talking about hypothetical scenarios that may never arise is fine but 
there's a real problem with gTLDs and it affects geo names and gTLDs at 
a micro and at macro level.

These are the latest gTLD Website/IP market numbers and market share 
percentages of the global markets by ICANN region:

EUR (Europe):
gtld: 30,634,333 - 17.99%
Legacy: 27,561,323 - 18.02%
NGT: 3,073,010 - 17.71%

NA (North America):
gtld: 117,400,571 - 68.94%
Legacy: 106,184,790 - 69.43%
NGT: 11,215,781 - 64.63%

LAC (Latin America/Caribbean):
gtld: 507,083 - 0.30%
Legacy: 475,489 - 0.31%
NGT: 31,594 - 0.18%

AP (Asia-Pacific):
gtld: 16,195,098 - 9.51%
Legacy: 14,126,550 - 9.24%
NGT: 2,068,548 - 11.92%

AF (Africa):
gtld: 4,563,718 - 2.68%
Legacy: 3,930,510 - 2.57%
NGT: 633,218 - 3.65%

There is an slight overlap as some sites are multi-homed on different IP 
ranges which technically are associated with different countries. 
Mapping the gTLD web by country of IP address is not the equivalent of 
mapping by country of registrant but it is a close approximation for 
some of the larger countries. Trans-national registrars and hosters also 
have an effect.

The ICANN regionalisation is not exactly brilliant and has some 
countries grouped in EUR when they are clearly should be in LAC due to 
legislative issues. However, the AF region counts are inflated by the 
use of the Seychelles IP address space by Dutch and other hosters.

The Seychelles accounts for 4,149,523 gTLD sites. Without it, the AF 
region has 414,195 gTLD sites.

The ICANN registry-registrars model is completely unsuitable for 
developing markets. If ICANN persists with this model for a future round 
of New gTLDs, then these NGTs are unlikely to gain traction in many of 
these markets and the main focus of registrations will be the ccTLDs. 
There is a kind of Balkanisation of the last round of new gTLDs with 
some of them becoming highly regionalised.

With a developing market, much of that market's websites will be hosted 
outside that country's Internet infrastructure. The rise of DDoS 
mitigation services has also plays a part. When a country's 
infrastructure starts developing, more sites move back to local hosting.

Debating geo name hypotheticals is all well and good but there needs to 
be some consideration given to how registrants for future new gTLDs and 
geo name gTLDs in developing markets can, if there are any, can help 
their local economies by registering domain names via local registrars 
and hosters.

John McCormac  *  e-mail: jmcc at hosterstats.com
MC2            *  web: http://www.hosterstats.com/
22 Viewmount   *  Domain Registrations Statistics
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