[Latingp] For consideration at LGP first meeting (Agenda point 4)

Dillon, Chris c.dillon at ucl.ac.uk
Wed Sep 16 08:05:35 UTC 2015

Dear LGP colleagues,

We have been asked to comment on the Armenian GP's final proposal for the Root Zone LGR for the Armenian script: www.icann.org/public-comments/proposal-armenian-lgr-2015-07-22-en<http://www.icann.org/public-comments/proposal-armenian-lgr-2015-07-22-en> as a final step before its evaluation by the Integration Panel and integration into the Root Zone LGR. This will be on the agenda of our first meeting.

***The Doodle poll for the first meeting (http://doodle.com/poll/7h4zs5tinmdztxyw) closes at UTC 23:59 tonight. Please fill it in if you have not already done so and/or suggest other time slots.***

In the Armenian proposal documentation they discuss homoglyph relations between Armenian and Latin scripts.
So, what is meant by homoglyph relations? The Applicant Guide Book used in the first round of the New gTLD Program defined the related concept of string similarity as follows:
"The String Similarity Panel's task is to identify visual string similarities that would create a probability of user confusion." ...
"String confusion exists where a string so nearly resembles another visually that it is likely to deceive or cause confusion. For the likelihood of confusion to exist, it must be probable, not merely possible that confusion will arise in the mind of the average, reasonable Internet user. Mere association, in the sense that the string brings another string to mind, is insufficient to find a likelihood of confusion."

The text also makes it clear that, when considering confusion, you have to place yourself in the shoes of "the average, reasonable Internet user". Unless the context demands it, this would not include children, non-native language speakers, those with special educational needs or other vulnerable users.
- Upper case (in the case of the Roman, Greek and Cyrillic alphabets*), italic and alternative ways of writing a letter (code point variants) should also be taken into consideration.
[*and Armenian!]

I have attached the list of Armenian and Latin homoglyphs in the proposal.

In consultation with Armenian experts based in the University of London, I would like also to suggest the Armenian letters in the attached Additional letters for consideration.

I have also attached an Excel spreadsheet on the Armenian script downloaded from the Omniglot website. On the Eastern Armenian tab, I have added rows containing italic and Lucida Sans Unicode versions of the script. We should also be concerned about the possibility of two Armenian letters looking like a Latin letter; cf. Latin rn (RN) and m (M).

***It would be good to make some progress on this list before the meeting, so please send your comments to the list.***


Chris Dillon.
Co-Chair LGP
Research Associate in Linguistic Computing, Centre for Digital Humanities, UCL, Gower St, London WC1E 6BT Tel +44 20 7679 1599 (int 31599) www.ucl.ac.uk/dis/people/chrisdillon<http://www.ucl.ac.uk/dis/people/chrisdillon>

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