[registration-issues-wg] Fwd: Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs - Phase 2 Report

Carlton Samuels carlton.samuels at gmail.com
Thu Dec 24 20:11:38 UTC 2015

FYI. Might be useful to attend the webinar then depending, respond, as


Carlton A Samuels
Mobile: 876-818-1799
*Strategy, Planning, Governance, Assessment & Turnaround*

[image: ICANN] <http://www.icann.org/> News Alert

Syntax and Operability Accuracy of WHOIS Data in gTLDs Presented in
Accuracy Reporting System Phase 2 Report

23 December 2015

ICANN today published the Phase 2 report of the WHOIS Accuracy Reporting
System (ARS), which acts as a follow-on to the Phase 1 report
published in August 2015. During Phase 2, ICANN measured both the syntax
and operability accuracy of WHOIS records in gTLDs as compared to the
requirements of the 2009 and 2013 Registrar Accreditation Agreements (RAAs).

*Read the Phase 2 Report

In addition to testing the format and content of a sample of WHOIS records,
ICANN developed accuracy tests
<https://whois.icann.org/en/whoisars-validation> to answer questions about
the operability of WHOIS records:

   - Does an email sent to the email address provided in the WHOIS record
   bounce back?
   - Does the telephone number provided ring when dialed?
   - Will mail be delivered to the given postal address?

Then using statistical methods, syntax and operability accuracy estimates
with a 95 percent confidence interval were provided for the population of
domains in gTLDs as a whole, as well as for several subgroups of interest.

The analysis found, for example, that approximately 87 percent of email
addresses, 74 percent of telephone numbers and 98 percent of postal
addresses were operable. See Table 1 below for more information.
Table 1: Overall gTLD Operability Accuracy by Contact Mode (95 percent
confidence interval)



*Postal Address*

*All 3 Accurate*

*All 3 Contacts (Registrant, Technical, Administrative) Accurate*

*87.1% ± 0.7%*

*74.0% ± 0.9%*

*98.0% ± 0.3%*

*64.7% ± 0.9%*

In terms of syntax accuracy, the Phase 2 report shows similar results to
Phase 1. That is, approximately 99 percent of email addresses, 83 percent
of telephone numbers and 79 percent of postal addresses were found to meet
all the requirements of the 2009 RAA. Table 2 below provides more
Table 2: Overall gTLD Syntax Accuracy to 2009 RAA Requirements by Contact
Mode (95 percent confidence interval)



*Postal Address*

*All 3 Accurate*

*All 3 Contacts (Registrant, Technical, Administrative) Accurate*

*99.1% ± 0.2%*

*83.3% ± 0.7%*

*79.4% ± 0.8%*

*67.2% ± 0.9%*

The Phase 2 report contains additional details regarding both syntax and
operability accuracy, including important notes on the differences between
Phase 1 and Phase 2. The Phase 2 report also discusses the leading types of
nonconformances, trends and comparisons of WHOIS accuracy across regions,
RAA versions and gTLD types.
Next Steps for Phase 2

ICANN will host a webinar on 12 January 2016 at 16:00 UTC to provide
insight into the methodology and findings of the WHOIS ARS Phase 2 report.
An announcement with more details on how to participate will be released in
the coming weeks.

The results of Phase 2 have been provided to ICANN’s Contractual Compliance
team, which will assess the types of errors found and follow up with
registrars on potentially inaccurate records. If WHOIS inaccuracy and/or
format complaints are created from the WHOIS ARS data, ICANN Contractual
Compliance will issue tickets in accordance with the Contractual Compliance
Approach and Process
Next Steps for the WHOIS ARS

In January 2016, ICANN will also begin work on second cycle of Phase 2 of
the ARS, which will again measure both syntax and operability of the
contact information in WHOIS records. Testing is expected to be complete by
April 2016 and a report on Phase 2 Cycle 2 is targeted for June 2016.

ICANN reviews the WHOIS Program every three years as part of its Affirmation
of Commitments
<https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/governance/aoc-review-en> (AoC). On
8 November 2012, the ICANN board approved a series of improvements to the
manner in which ICANN carries out its oversight of the WHOIS Program based
on recommendations
<https://www.icann.org/resources/files/final-report-2012-05-11-en> made by
the 2012 WHOIS Review Team. As part of these improvements, ICANN committed
to proactively identifying potentially inaccurate gTLD WHOIS contact data
and forwarding these records to registrars for investigation and follow-up.
To accomplish these tasks, ICANN initiated the development of the WHOIS
Accuracy Reporting System. Throughout the development ICANN has consulted
and collaborated with the community.

The ARS is intended to lead to improvements over time in the accuracy of
WHOIS data, which will be examined in subsequent ARS reports.

*ICANN's mission is to ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet.
To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into
your computer - a name or a number. That address has to be unique so
computers know where to find each other. ICANN coordinates these unique
identifiers across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn't have
one global Internet. ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit
public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world
dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It
promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet's unique
identifiers. ICANN doesn't control content on the Internet. It cannot stop
spam and it doesn't deal with access to the Internet. But through its
coordination role of the Internet's naming system, it does have an
important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet. For more
information please visit: **www.icann.org* <https://www.icann.org/>*.*
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