Time Zone Localizations
Clive D.W. Feather
clive at demon.net
Fri Jun 11 12:49:20 UTC 2004
> Actually the numbers stay the same, Russia retains the number for the Soviet
> Union and united Germany retained the number for West-Germany.
> The same happened re Ethiopia (& Eritrea), Yugoslavia, etc.
DD DDR 278 withdrawn (3166-3 entry DDDE)
DE DEU 280 replaced
DE DEU 276 added
New numeric code for the same political entity (Federal Germany).
SU SUN 810 withdrawn (3166-3 entry SUHH)
RU RUS 643 added (and others, e.g. KZ KAZ 398)
New numeric code because Russia was not the USSR.
YD YMD 720 withdrawn (3166-3 entry YDYE)
YE YEM 886 replaced
YE YEM 887 added
Merged Yemen got a new number.
PA PAN 590 replaced
PA PAN 591 added
Panama got a new number when it absorbed the Canal Zone (which didn't
ET ETH 230 replaced
ET ETH 231 added
ER ERI 232 added
Ethiopia got a new number when Eritrea split off.
YU YUG 890 replaced
YU YUG 891 added
Yugoslavia got a new number to recognise that it was really just Serbia
and Montenegro (and this number transferred to the new CS SCG code).
> perspective here is that of a jurisdictional nature. Even though the
> physical territory may change, the jurisdictional entity remains.
And the numeric code changes - see above.
> The 3 digit numeric code and the 3-alpha code belong to are under the
> control of the UN and maintained by the UN Statistical system. The the
> official long and short names of each country are under the control of each
> country. However changes in names or names for "new" countries are vetted by
> the UN. Normally proposed changes do go through "automatically". Only rarely
> does a UN member object (e.g. as is the current case with "Macedonia).
> The ISO 3166-1 standard takes this UN originated information and then
> adds/manages the 2-alpha codes.
If you look at the ISO3166MA web site, you'll see that only the numeric
codes come from the UN Statistics Division.
I can't find my copy of 3166, but I believe you'll find this distinction
between alpha and numeric codes in it.
I believe you'll also find there is a 4-digit code as well, which is
derived from the two letter code by the calculation 1070+30a+b, where a
represents the first letter and b the second letter (A=1, B=2, etc.).
In this code, AF is 1106 and GB is 1282.
Clive D.W. Feather | Work: <clive at demon.net> | Tel: +44 20 8495 6138
Internet Expert | Home: <clive at davros.org> | Fax: +44 870 051 9937
Demon Internet | WWW: http://www.davros.org | Mobile: +44 7973 377646
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