[tz] [PATCH] Mention time on Mercury, Venus, etc.

Paul Eggert eggert at cs.ucla.edu
Sun Oct 1 18:59:50 UTC 2017

* Theory: Mention time on planets in our solar system other than
Earth and Mars, and cite Williams 2017.
 Theory | 21 +++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 19 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Theory b/Theory
index b223935..3e88173 100644
--- a/Theory
+++ b/Theory
@@ -810,7 +810,7 @@ Mittelalters und der Neuzeit_, herausgegeben von Dr. O. Grotefend
 (Hannover: Hahnsche Buchhandlung, 1941), pp. 26-28.
------ Time and time zones on Mars -----
+----- Time and time zones on other planets -----
 Some people's work schedules use Mars time.  Jet Propulsion Laboratory
 (JPL) coordinators have kept Mars time on and off at least since 1997
@@ -844,7 +844,20 @@ wide acceptance.  Astronomers often use Mars Sol Date (MSD) which is a
 sequential count of Mars solar days elapsed since about 1873-12-29
 12:00 GMT.
-The tz database does not currently support Mars time, but it is
+In our solar system, Mars is the planet with time and calendar most
+like Earth's.  On other planets, Sun-based time and calendars would
+work quite differently.  For example, although Mercury's sidereal
+rotation period is 58.646 Earth days, Mercury revolves around the Sun
+so rapidly that an observer on Mercury's equator would see a sunrise
+only every 175.97 Earth days, i.e., a Mercury year is 0.5 of a Mercury
+day.  Venus is more complicated, partly because its rotation is
+slightly retrograde: its year is 1.92 of its days.  Gas giants like
+Jupiter are trickier still, as their polar and equatorial regions
+rotate at different rates, so that the length of a day depends on
+latitude.  This effect is most pronounced on Neptune, where the day is
+about 12 hours at the poles and 18 hours at the equator.
+Although the tz database does not support time on other planets, it is
 documented here in the hopes that support will be added eventually.
@@ -860,6 +873,10 @@ Jia-Rui Chong, "Workdays Fit for a Martian", Los Angeles Times
 Tom Chmielewski, "Jet Lag Is Worse on Mars", The Atlantic (2015-02-26)
+Matt Williams, "How long is a day on the other planets of the solar
+system?" <https://www.universetoday.com/37481/days-of-the-planets/>
 This file is in the public domain, so clarified as of 2009-05-17 by

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