[ccwg-internet-governance] UN developments in cyber
veni.markovski at icann.org
Thu Jan 2 20:48:54 UTC 2020
We have talked about these developments during our briefings, including at the ICANN meetings; I have also briefed different members of the ICANN community throughout the year, when there has been an opportunity to do so.
The United Nations in 2019 worked on two parallel tracks, which have the potential to touch on ICANN’s remit: the two tracks within UN General Assembly First Committee – the Open-Ended Working Group (OEWG) and the Group of Governmental Experts (GGE), both of them to deal with cybersecurity*. What some of you have seen just before New Year, is the decision of UNGA (the third track, which worked its ways through UNGA Third Committee) to create another Open-Ended ad-hoc committee of experts (OECE), to deal with drafting a new Cybercrime Convention. All three groups consist of governmental members only. The OEWG and the OECE consist of all member states, the GGE is of 25 members. Both groups will continue their work in 2020, and the GGE – in 2021. The OEWG and the GGE are planning to issue consensus reports. The OECE will meet in August 2020 to decide on the outline and modalities, and will send them to the UNGA 75th session for approval, so there’s no expectations that it will do anything more this (2020) year.
The OEWG had its organizational meeting in June, one formal session in September, and one “intersessional consultative meeting” in December. The GGE had its first meeting in December as well (9th – 12th), and it was preceded with a 2-day (December 5th – 6th) “informal consultations” with all member states. On the group’s web sites, quoted below, you can see the schedule for 2020. It is important to know that the groups can only function within the rules of procedure of the UNGA. Non-governmental actors can speak either in informal setting (e.g. outside of the time for the formal session; this happened in September OEWG meeting, when the four NGOs, which were present could only speak after the formal session was over), or – as in the December 2-4 “intersessional consultative meeting”, which had about 114 speakers (business, NGOs, individuals).
Both OEWG and GGE have excellent chairs – the Permanent Representative to the UN from Switzerland Amb. Lauder for the OEWG and an Ambassador from Brazil, H.E. Patriota, for the GGE. Both are skilled career diplomats, and are hopeful for a successful outcome. Both groups’ chairs have reached out to regional groups, and have had meetings with stakeholders (depending on the region, these were only with governments, or with others, as well). I participated in the one with the African Union in October, where the regional outreach efforts was combined with a session of the GFCE<https://www.thegfce.com/> – Global Forum on Cyber Expertise. We are usually at such forums in order to provide factual ICANN-related information, as sometimes there are questions or statements that touch on ICANN’s work, and they not necessarily present the latest information about the DNS and the unique identifiers. In the past, I have shared (including in this group) some examples of questions being asked, which give some ideas about the general conversation.
Several media outlets picked what’s happening at the UN with regards to the Third Committee negotiations and the work that’s to come on a new Cybercrime Convention. I am sending three of the most substantive articles in major media – the Washington Post, here<https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/the-us-is-urging-a-no-vote-on-a-russian-led-un-resolution-calling-for-a-global-cybercrime-treaty/2019/11/16/b4895e76-075e-11ea-818c-fcc65139e8c2_story.html> and here<https://www.washingtonpost.com/national-security/un-votes-to-advance-russian-led-resolution-on-a-cybercrime-treaty/2019/11/19/fb6a633e-0b06-11ea-97ac-a7ccc8dd1ebc_story.html>, and an OpEd here<https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/12/04/un-passed-russia-backed-cybercrime-resolution-thats-not-good-news-internet-freedom/>.
Hope that this is helpful.
To use the opportunity – Happy New Year!!!
* - The full names of the groups are:
Open-ended Working Group on developments in the field of information and telecommunications in the context of international security (OEWG) – at https://www.un.org/disarmament/open-ended-working-group/
and the Group of Governmental Experts on Advancing responsible State behaviour in cyberspace in the context of international security (GGE) – at https://www.un.org/disarmament/group-of-governmental-experts/
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