UTC as basis for time legislation

Tobias Conradi tobias.conradi at gmail.com
Fri Sep 23 22:07:57 UTC 2011

On Fri, Sep 23, 2011 at 11:24 PM, Clive D.W. Feather <clive at davros.org> wrote:
> Tobias Conradi said:
>>> It would be interesting to find reliable indicators about whether UTC
>>> or GMT is the basis in any given region.  Even recently I've seen
>>> official decrees using the geographic terms "meridian" and "Greenwich".
>> UTC used in EU law to define the start and end of summer-time:
>> http://eur-lex.europa.eu/LexUriServ/LexUriServ.do?uri=OJ:C:2011:083:0006:01:EN:HTML
> I've done this before: there's a horrible mix of GMT and UT in the
> different translations of that Directive, including some ambiguous cases.
> And the translations don't necessarily match the legal times in the
> countries using those languages.

The above link leads to a 2011 communication related to directive
2000/84/EC. The 2000/2001 has indeed varying translations of the
article 2:

== EN English ==
>From 2002 onwards, the summer-time period shall begin, in
every Member State, at 1.00 a.m., Greenwich Mean Time, on
the last Sunday in March

== DE German ==
Ab dem Jahr 2002 beginnt die Sommerzeit in jedem Mitgliedstaat am
letzten Sonntag im März um 1 Uhr morgens Weltzeit

[Weltzeit ~ Worldtime]

== French ==
À compter de l'année 2002, la période de l'heure d'été
commence, dans chaque État membre, à 1 heure du matin,
temps universel, le dernier dimanche de mars.

[temps universel ~ universal time]

ES Spanish: hora universal ~ universal time
IT Italian: ora universale
PT Portuguese: tempo universal ~ universal time
SV Swedish: Greenwichtid (Greenwich Mean Time, GMT) ~ Greenwich time
DA Danish: verdenstid (UTC) ~ worldtime
EL Greek: ώρα Γκρίνουιτς ~ Greenwich time
FI Finish: [I cannot read that:] Kesäaika alkaa kaikissa
jäsenvaltioissa vuodesta 2002 alkaen
kello 1 aamuyöllä (GMT) maaliskuun viimeisenä sunnuntaina

Tobias Conradi
Rheinsberger Str. 18
10115 Berlin


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