[ksk-rollover] 答复: Architectural reconsideration on ICANN's Root Zone KSK rollover

Marc Blanchet marc.blanchet at viagenie.ca
Wed Jan 31 12:53:51 UTC 2018

On 31 Jan 2018, at 5:27, Robert Story wrote:

> On Wed 2018-01-31 10:55:53+0800 Davey wrote:
>> So I'm inspired that it is not necessary for additional set of root
>> server and coordination between server and resolver
>> for this purpose. All the work can be done in server side.
> This is true.
>> It can be implemented on server side with "two logic views"(similar
>> but different from BIND multiple view mechanism.
>> When authoritative server recognize the resolvers who support RFC5011
>> (via rfc8145 or combined with kskroll-sentinel),
>> it can roll the key only for them. Roll KSK not once for all but
>> per-resolver. In that case there is no need any modification on
>> resolver. Root server operator should do this work only.  So there is
>> no interoperability problem. No specification of DNS is
>> needed which shorten the time and concerns.
> There is still risk in this. Many end users are behind NATs.

a large majority of end users are behind IPv4 NATs.

> This means
> that some queries from an IP can signal that it is using the new key,
> while others could signal it is not.
> Instead of making this some sort of automatic process, it could be
> entirely opt-in if root-servers configured views based on destination
> address and simply listened on an additional anycast address.
> But this still leaves the problem of how to advertise the new address,
> and wouldn't deal with the problem of resolvers which switched to the
> new address even though they weren't configured to trust the new keys.
> If we could convince the resolver implementations to ship with 
> multiple
> hints files, and to selected on at startup based on configured trust
> anchors, we could see the traffic shift are resolvers were updated.

I’m not sure that supporting multiple hints files would really help. I 
might be wrong.


> -- 
> Robert Story <http://www.isi.edu/~rstory>
> USC Information Sciences Institute <http://www.isi.edu/>
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