[tz] Yukon time history updates with references containing some Canadian and global data
Brian.Inglis at shaw.ca
Wed Apr 15 00:00:05 UTC 2015
It seemed unlikely to me that the statement about the Yukon in line 1844 below "This is still valid;" was still valid, except in the sense that Yukon standard time may still be defined as GMT-9, although standard time in Yukon has not had that offset, and the name has not been used with that meaning, except in some historical sense, since 1973.
So I tried to trace the history of Yukon time and found the following regulations, giving the reference title and URL if found, regulation name, and relevant quote if available.
Each regulation specifically revokes its predecessor.
The final reference is to the current Interpretation Act authorizing and resulting from these regulatory changes.
Only recent regulations were retrievable via Yukon government site search or index, and only some via Canadian legal sources. Other sources used include articles titled "Standard Time and Time Zones in Canada" from JRASC via ADS Abstracts, cited by ADO for 1932 in northamerica:1456, and updated versions from 1958 and 1970 quoted below; each article includes current extracts from provincial and territorial ST and DST regulations at the end, summaries and details of standard times and daylight saving time at many locations across Canada, with time zone maps, tables and calculations for Canadian Sunrise, Sunset, and LMST; they also cover many countries and global locations, with a chart and table showing current Universal Time offsets, and may be useful as another source of information for 1970 and earlier.
The coordinator should decide how much Yukon time history should change, relative to that currently documented at:
northamerica:1838:# Northwest Territories, Nunavut, Yukon
northamerica-1840-# From Paul Eggert (2006-03-22):
northamerica-1841-# Dawson switched to PST in 1973. Inuvik switched to MST in 1979.
northamerica-1842-# Mathew Englander (1996-10-07) gives the following refs:
northamerica-1843-# * 1967. Paragraph 28(34)(g) of the Interpretation Act, S.C. 1967-68,
northamerica:1844:# c. 7 defines Yukon standard time as UTC-9. This is still valid;
northamerica-1845-# see Interpretation Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. I-21, s. 35(1).
northamerica:1846:# * C.O. 1973/214 switched Yukon to PST on 1973-10-28 00:00.
northamerica-1847-# * O.I.C. 1980/02 established DST.
northamerica-1848-# * O.I.C. 1987/056 changed DST to Apr firstSun 2:00 to Oct lastSun 2:00.
northamerica:1849:# Shanks & Pottenger say Yukon's 1973-10-28 switch was at 2:00; go
northamerica-1850-# with Englander.
northamerica-1851-# From Chris Walton (2006-06-26):
northamerica-1852-# Here is a link to the old daylight saving portion of the interpretation
northamerica-1853-# act which was last updated in 1987:
Standard Time and Time Zones in Canada; Smith, C.C.; JRASC, Vol. 26, pp.49-77; February 1932; SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yukon Interpretation Ordinance
Yukon standard time is the local mean time at the one hundred and thirty-fifth meridian.
Standard Time and Time Zones in Canada; Smith, C.C.; Thomson, Malcolm M.; JRASC, Vol. 52, pp.193-223; October 1958; SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yukon Interpretation Ordinance, 1955, Chap. 16.
(1) Subject to this section, standard time shall be reckoned as nine hours behind Greenwich Time and called Yukon Standard Time.
(2) Notwithstanding subsection (1), the Commissioner may make regulations varying the manner of reckoning standard time.
Yukon Territory Commissioner's Order 1966-20 Interpretation Ordinance
http://? - no online source found
Standard Time and Time Zones in Canada; Thomson, Malcolm M.; JRASC, Vol. 64, pp.129-162; June 1970; SAO/NASA Astrophysics Data System (ADS)
Yukon Territory Commissioner's Order 1967-59 Interpretation Ordinance
The Commissioner of the Yukon Territory, pursuant to the Interpretation Ordinance, is pleased to and doth hereby order as follows:
1. Commissioner's Order 1966-20 dated at Whitehorse in the Yukon Territory on 27th January, 1966, is hereby revoked.
2. Yukon (East) Standard Time as defined by section 36 of the Interpretation Ordinance from and after mid-night on the 28th day of May, 1967 shall be reckoned in the same manner as Pacific Standard Time, that is to say, eight hours behind Greenwich Time in the area of the Yukon Territory lying east of the 138th degree longitude west.
3. In the remainder of the Territory, lying west of the 138th degree longitude west, Yukon (West) Standard Time shall be reckoned as nine hours behind Greenwich Time.
Yukon Standard Time defined as Pacific Standard Time, YCO 1973/214
C.O. 1973/214 INTERPRETATION ACT
Pursuant to the provisions of the Interpretation Act, the Commissioner of the Yukon Territory is pleased to and doth hereby order as follows:
1. Effective October 28, 1973 Commissioner's Order 1967/59 is hereby revoked.
2. Yukon Standard Time as defined by section 36 of the Interpretation Act from and after midnight on the twenty-eighth day of October, 1973 shall be reckoned in the same manner as Pacific Standard Time, that is to say eight hours behind Greenwich Time.
Dated at Whitehorse, in the Yukon Territory, this 4th day of May, A.D., 1973.
O.I.C. 1980/02 INTERPRETATION ACT
http://? - no online source found
Yukon Daylight Saving Time, YOIC 1987/56
O.I.C. 1987/056 INTERPRETATION ACT
Pursuant to section 36 of the Interpretation Act, the Commissioner in Executive Council orders as follows:
1. In every year between
(a) two o'clock in the morning in the first Sunday in April, and
(b) two o'clock in the morning in the last Sunday in October,
Standard Time shall be reckoned as seven hours behind Greenwich Time and called Yukon Daylight Saving Time.
2. Order-In-Council 1980/02 is hereby revoked.
Dated at Whitehorse, in the Yukon Territory, this 9th day of March, A.D., 1987.
Yukon Daylight Saving Time 2006, YOIC 2006/127
O.I.C. 2006/127 INTERPRETATION ACT
Pursuant to section 33 of the Interpretation Act, the Commissioner in Executive Council orders as follows
1. In Yukon each year the time for general purposes shall be 7 hours behind Greenwich mean time during the period commencing at two o'clock in the forenoon on the second Sunday of March and ending at two o'clock in the forenoon on the first Sunday of November and shall be called Yukon Daylight Saving Time.
2. Order-in-Council 1987/56 is revoked.
3. This order comes into force January 1, 2007.
Dated at Whitehorse, Yukon, this 2006.
Interpretation Act, RSY 2002, c 125
Take care. Thanks, Brian Inglis
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