[tz] [PROPOSED PATCH] * northamerica: Credit W.F. Allen's work on US time zones.
eggert at cs.ucla.edu
Wed Sep 21 07:35:00 UTC 2016
2016-09-11 Paul Eggert <eggert at cs.ucla.edu>
Revert Cyprus change for now
northamerica | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
diff --git a/northamerica b/northamerica
index 0bafb00..6b0d905 100644
@@ -24,8 +24,30 @@
# was the result of his proposals at the Convention of Railroad Trunk Lines
# in New York City (1869-10). His 1870 proposal was based on Washington, DC,
# but in 1872-05 he moved the proposed origin to Greenwich.
-# His proposal was adopted by the railroads on 1883-11-18 at 12:00,
-# and the most of the country soon followed suit.
+# From Paul Eggert (2016-09-20):
+# Dowd's proposal left many details unresolved, such as where to draw
+# lines between time zones. The key individual who made time zones
+# work in the US was William Frederick Allen - railway engineer,
+# managing editor of the Travelers' Guide, and secretary of the
+# General Time Convention, a railway standardization group. Allen
+# spent months in dialogs with with scientific and railway leaders,
+# developed a workable plan to institute time zones, and presented it
+# to the General Time Convention on 1883-04-11, saying that his plan
+# meant "local time would be practically abolished" - a plus for
+# railway scheduling. By the next convention on 1883-10-11 nearly all
+# railroads had agreed and it took effect on 1883-11-18 at 12:00.
+# Allen witnessed the transition in New York City, writing:
+# I heard the bells of St. Paul's strike on the old time. Four
+# minutes later, obedient to the electrical signal from the Naval
+# Observatory ... the time-ball made its rapid descent, the chimes
+# of old Trinity rang twelve measured strokes, and local time was
+# abandoned, probably forever.
+# Most of the US soon followed suit. See:
+# Bartky IR. The adoption of standard time. Technol Cult 1989 Jan;30(1)25-56.
# From Paul Eggert (2005-04-16):
# That 1883 transition occurred at 12:00 new time, not at 12:00 old time.
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