[UA-discuss] UA-discuss Digest, Vol 21, Issue 18

Jiankang Yao yaojk at cnnic.cn
Fri Sep 30 13:44:50 UTC 2016

It is a great achievement for EAI deployment.

发件人:"Harish Chowdhary" <harish at nixi.in>
发送时间:2016-09-30 20:19:10 (星期五)
收件人: "ua-discuss at icann.org" <ua-discuss at icann.org>
主题: Re: [UA-discuss] UA-discuss Digest, Vol 21, Issue 18

Hi All,

Yes,it may be possible that it may take another 15+ years to resolve all the issues of UA.However, there is recent positive development in India
 regarding the same.
It is  about  the launch of Countries First Make in India IDN based Mobile Email Services on 10th Oct 2016

As per the recent announcement of XgenPLUS:
XgenPlus is proud to share with you that we have developed Countries first made in India "client-side" implemented mobile app of non-Latin, character-based Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) email to support countries Digital India Mission in various local/regional languages which means client can have email ID in Hindi (हिंदी), Gujrati (ગુજરાતી), Urdu (اردو), Punjabi (ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਦੇ) , Tamil (தமிழ்), Telgu (తెలుగు), Marathi (मराठी) and lot more.

They are launching Country's First Make in India IDN based Mobile Email Services with the name DATAMAIL .
It a milestone, in pursuit of  complete UA.

Harish Chowdhary

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Today's Topics:

  1. Re: Some universal acceptance problems last 15+   years...
     (Richard Merdinger)
  2. IDNs & i18n (Andre Schappo)


Message: 1
Date: Thu, 29 Sep 2016 16:47:32 +0000
From: Richard Merdinger <rmerdinger at godaddy.com>
To: Ram Mohan <rmohan at afilias.info>, Kurt Pritz <kurt at kjpritz.com>
Cc: ua-discuss <UA-discuss at icann.org>
Subject: Re: [UA-discuss] Some universal acceptance problems last 15+
Message-ID: <BCDB84B0-0CF7-4E5B-AF20-F2527A2A68E9 at godaddy.com>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

As we look at outreach and efforts to accept issue reports and loop-close on reported issues, it will be extremely useful to include links to materials that will enable bosses to send to their engineering teams saying?hey, do it like this.


From: <ua-discuss-bounces at icann.org> on behalf of Ram Mohan <rmohan at afilias.info>
Date: Thursday, September 29, 2016 at 3:03 AM
To: Kurt Pritz <kurt at kjpritz.com>
Cc: ua-discuss <UA-discuss at icann.org>
Subject: Re: [UA-discuss] Some universal acceptance problems last 15+ years...

I blame it on the culture, and on the humans who enable it. Agree that it's not *just* the programmer's fault, although in your example below, he must have been semi sedated to write code that catches a non 3/4 character tld, and then pop up an error message; so inefficient :)

It's literally no extra work to change a regular expression match in code. It's a kind of laziness combined with apathy that drives this.

Some developers depend on a dns lookup to determine a valid tld, while others lookup a static list. Poor programming choices, much heartbreak lies in those directions, too.


On Sep 29, 2016 2:51 PM, "Kurt Pritz" <kurt at kjpritz.com<mailto:kurt at kjpritz.com>> wrote:

I wouldn't necessarily blame it on the programmer:

Boss: Hello young man. We have a bit of a problem to solve. Some of our web site users are mis-typing their email addresses. When different government departments need to get hold of them to correct an error on a form they submitted, we cannot. These government departments want us to do a check on their email addresses to at least make sure they are the right format and allowable content.

Programmer: Sure thing. What's our budget for this?

Boss: Zero.

So, semi-smart solution for no budget.


Kurt Pritz
kurt at kjpritz.com<mailto:kurt at kjpritz.com>
Skype: kjpritz

On Sep 29, 2016, at 12:32 PM, "Jiankang Yao" <yaojk at cnnic.cn<mailto:yaojk at cnnic.cn>> wrote:

Dear Ram,

  I think that you can be titled as UA pioneer.

Another 15+ years are needed for UA work.

Jiankang Yao

From: Ram Mohan<mailto:rmohan at afilias.info>
Date: 2016-09-29 01:50
To: UA-discuss<mailto:UA-discuss at icann.org>
Subject: [UA-discuss] Some universal acceptance problems last 15+ years...
On Sep 12, 2001, I helped launch the first non 2/3 character TLD, .INFO. Many of you have heard about how we struggled to get applications, browsers, web forms and email systems to recognize the world?s first four-character TLD as a legitimate extension, including my creation of the Office of the CTO (in a 3 person startup) to get large companies to return my calls.

Well, 15+ years later, today I was on the website of the Pennsylvania state government, and filled in my email address (ending in .INFO). I hit submit, and here is the prompt that came up. I hit OK, and the site accepted my email and I moved forward with my tasks, but it?s galling that some programmer _recently_ decided that a non 2/3 character TLD based email address merited a warning message.


Goes to show how long bad habits persist. Also goes to show why the UASG?s work is important.


Ram Mohan
Executive Vice President & CTO
Afilias |Ireland|Canada|USA|India|China
o: +1.215.706.5700 x103<tel:%2B1.215.706.5700%20x103>; m: +1.215.431.0958<tel:%2B1.215.431.0958>; f: +1.215.706.5701<tel:%2B1.215.706.5701>
Skype:gliderpilot30 |@rmohan123|www.linkedin.com/in/rmohan<http://www.linkedin.com/in/rmohan>

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Message: 2
Date: Fri, 30 Sep 2016 09:55:16 +0000
From: Andre Schappo <A.Schappo at lboro.ac.uk>
To: ua-discuss <UA-discuss at icann.org>
Subject: [UA-discuss] IDNs & i18n
Message-ID: <92B3C736-8906-4742-A895-CF9755997843 at lboro.ac.uk>
Content-Type: text/plain; charset="utf-8"

My focus in this email will be IDNs and Internationalisation.

As I have previously stated, a fundamental problem is the lack of Internationalisation in University Computer Science teaching. Computer Science departments are still dominated by 7bit ASCII text processing. There should be in depth study and practice of Unicode text processing in Computer Science departments. Students graduating from such ASCII cultures will not have the skills necessary to properly implement IDNs. Even worse they will not even think about non ASCII text and how to design systems that will process non ASCII text. So the UA problem, along with lots of other problems, are embedded into systems right from the start.

Unicode is a part of internationalisation of Computer Science. For years I have been encouraging Computer Science educators to internationalise their teaching with little success.

I recently changed my tactics. There are groups that promote "Internationalisation of the Curriculum" i.e. all curricula and not just Computer Science. I am reaching out to some of these groups and maybe UASG should also reach out to these groups. I have written an initial short blog article ? http://schappo.blogspot.co.uk/2016/09/computer-science-curriculum.html

I have not yet had much response from the groups I have contacted but it is still early days.

When I get time I will write further blog articles i.e.

? advantages of internationalising Computer Science teaching
? the negative consequences of not internationalising Computer Science teaching ? one of these being the lack of support for IDNs and EAI in so many systems

We need every Computer Science student to graduate with an understanding of internationalisation and hence Unicode and hence IDNs. We need this critical mass. I am one of few.

Andr? Schappo

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